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SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function

The SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function sets the properties of an existing unicast IP address entry on the local computer.

Syntax


NETIOAPI_API SetUnicastIpAddressEntry(
  _In_  const MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW *Row
);

Parameters

Row [in]

A pointer to a MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure entry for an existing unicast IP address entry.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is NO_ERROR.

If the function fails, the return value is one of the following error codes.

Return codeDescription
ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

Access is denied. This error is returned under several conditions that include the following: the user lacks the required administrative privileges on the local computer or the application is not running in an enhanced shell as the built-in Administrator (RunAs administrator).

ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

An invalid parameter was passed to the function. This error is returned if a NULL pointer is passed in the Row parameter, the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW pointed to by the Row parameter was not set to a valid unicast IPv4 or IPv6 address, or both the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex members of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW pointed to by the Row parameter were unspecified.

This error is also returned for other errors in the values set for members in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure. These errors include the following: if the ValidLifetime member is less than than the PreferredLifetime member, if the PrefixOrigin member is set to IpPrefixOriginUnchanged and the SuffixOrigin is the not set to IpSuffixOriginUnchanged, if the PrefixOrigin member is not set to IpPrefixOriginUnchanged and the SuffixOrigin is set to IpSuffixOriginUnchanged, if the PrefixOrigin member is not set to a value from the NL_PREFIX_ORIGIN enumeration, if the SuffixOrigin member is not set to a value from the NL_SUFFIX_ORIGIN enumeration, or if the OnLinkPrefixLength member is set to a value greater than the IP address length, in bits (32 for an unicast IPv4 address or 128 for an unicast IPv6 address).

ERROR_NOT_FOUND

The specified interface could not be found. This error is returned if the network interface specified by the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW pointed to by the Row parameter could not be found.

ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED

The request is not supported. This error is returned if no IPv4 stack is on the local computer and an IPv4 address was specified in the Address member MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW pointed to by the Row parameter or no IPv6 stack is on the local computer and an IPv6 address was specified in the Address member.

Other

Use FormatMessage to obtain the message string for the returned error.

 

Remarks

The SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function is defined on Windows Vista and later.

The GetUnicastIpAddressEntry function is normally used to retrieve an existing MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure entry to be modified. An application can then change the members in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW entry it wishes to modify, and then call the SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function.

An application may call the InitializeUnicastIpAddressEntry function to initialize the members of a MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure entry with default values before making changes. However, the application would normally save either the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex member before calling InitializeUnicastIpAddressEntry and restore one of these members after the call.

The Address member in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure pointed to by the Row parameter must be initialized to a valid unicast IPv4 or IPv6 address and family. In addition, at least one of the following members in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure pointed to the Row parameter must be initialized: the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex. The fields are used in the order listed above. So if the InterfaceLuid is specified, then this member is used to determine the interface. If no value was set for the InterfaceLuid member (the values of this member was set to zero), then the InterfaceIndex member is next used to determine the interface.

If the OnLinkPrefixLength member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW pointed to by the Row parameter is set to 255, then SetUnicastIpAddressEntry will set the unicast IP address properties so that the OnLinkPrefixLength member is equal to the length of the IP address. So for a unicast IPv4 address, the OnLinkPrefixLength is set to 32 and the OnLinkPrefixLength is set to 128 for a unicast IPv6 address. If this would result in the incorrect subnet mask for an IPv4 address or the incorrect link prefix for an IPv6 address, then the application should set this member to the correct value before calling SetUnicastIpAddressEntry.

The DadState, ScopeId, and CreationTimeStamp members of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure pointed to by the Row are ignored when the SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function is called. These members are set by the network stack and cannot be changed using the SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function. The ScopeId member is automatically determined by the interface on which the address was added.

The SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function can only be called by a user logged on as a member of the Administrators group. If SetUnicastIpAddressEntry is called by a user that is not a member of the Administrators group, the function call will fail and ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED is returned.

The SetUnicastIpAddressEntry function can also fail because of user account control (UAC) on Windows Vista and later. If an application that contains this function is executed by a user logged on as a member of the Administrators group other than the built-in Administrator, this call will fail unless the application has been marked in the manifest file with a requestedExecutionLevel set to requireAdministrator. If the application lacks this manifest file, a user logged on as a member of the Administrators group other than the built-in Administrator must then be executing the application in an enhanced shell as the built-in Administrator (RunAs administrator) for this function to succeed.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows Vista [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps only]

Header

Netioapi.h (include Iphlpapi.h)

Library

Iphlpapi.lib

DLL

Iphlpapi.dll

See also

CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry
DeleteUnicastIpAddressEntry
GetUnicastIpAddressEntry
GetUnicastIpAddressTable
InitializeUnicastIpAddressEntry
IP Helper Function Reference
MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW
MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_TABLE
NotifyUnicastIpAddressChange

 

 

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