Example: Getting WMI Data from the Local Computer

You can use the procedure and code examples in this topic to create a complete WMI client application that performs COM initialization, connects to WMI on the local computer, retrieves data semisynchronously, and then cleans up. This example gets the name of the operating system on the local computer and displays it. To retrieve data from a remote computer, see Example: Getting WMI Data from a Remote Computer. For getting the data asynchronously, see Example: Getting WMI Data from the Local Computer Asynchronously.

The following procedure is used to execute the WMI application. Steps 1 through 5 contain all the steps required to set up and connect to WMI, and steps 6 and 7 are where data is queried and received.

  1. Initialize COM parameters with a call to CoInitializeEx.

    For more information, see Initializing COM for a WMI Application.

  2. Initialize COM process security by calling CoInitializeSecurity.

    For more information, see Setting the Default Process Security Level Using C++.

  3. Obtain the initial locator to WMI by calling CoCreateInstance.

    For more information, see Creating a Connection to a WMI Namespace.

  4. Obtain a pointer to IWbemServices for the root\cimv2 namespace on the local computer by calling IWbemLocator::ConnectServer. To connect to a remote computer, see Example: Getting WMI Data from a Remote Computer.

    For more information, see Creating a Connection to a WMI Namespace.

  5. Set IWbemServices proxy security so the WMI service can impersonate the client by calling CoSetProxyBlanket.

    For more information, see Setting the Security Levels on a WMI Connection.

  6. Use the IWbemServices pointer to make requests of WMI. This example executes a query for the name of the operating system by calling IWbemServices::ExecQuery.

    The following WQL query is one of the method arguments.

    SELECT * FROM Win32_OperatingSystem

    The result of this query is stored in an IEnumWbemClassObject pointer. This allows the data objects from the query to be retrieved semisynchronously with the IEnumWbemClassObject interface. For more information, see Enumerating WMI. For getting the data asynchronously, see Example: Getting WMI Data from the Local Computer Asynchronously.

    For more information about making requests to WMI, see Manipulating Class and Instance Information, Querying WMI, and Calling a Method.

  7. Get and display the data from the WQL query. The IEnumWbemClassObject pointer is linked to the data objects that the query returned, and the data objects can be retrieved with the IEnumWbemClassObject::Next method. This method links the data objects to an IWbemClassObject pointer that is passed into the method. Use the IWbemClassObject::Get method to get the desired information from the data objects.

    The following code example is used to get the Name property from the data object, which provides the name of the operating system.

    
    VARIANT vtProp;
    
    // Get the value of the Name property
    hr = pclsObj->Get(L"Name", 0, &vtProp, 0, 0);
    
    

    After the value of the Name property is stored in the VARIANT variable vtProp, it can then be displayed to the user.

    For more information, see Enumerating WMI.

The following code example retrieves WMI data semisynchronously from a local computer.


#define _WIN32_DCOM
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
#include <comdef.h>
#include <Wbemidl.h>

# pragma comment(lib, "wbemuuid.lib")

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    HRESULT hres;

    // Step 1: --------------------------------------------------
    // Initialize COM. ------------------------------------------

    hres =  CoInitializeEx(0, COINIT_MULTITHREADED); 
    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Failed to initialize COM library. Error code = 0x" 
            << hex << hres << endl;
        return 1;                  // Program has failed.
    }

    // Step 2: --------------------------------------------------
    // Set general COM security levels --------------------------

    hres =  CoInitializeSecurity(
        NULL, 
        -1,                          // COM authentication
        NULL,                        // Authentication services
        NULL,                        // Reserved
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT,   // Default authentication 
        RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, // Default Impersonation  
        NULL,                        // Authentication info
        EOAC_NONE,                   // Additional capabilities 
        NULL                         // Reserved
        );

                      
    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Failed to initialize security. Error code = 0x" 
            << hex << hres << endl;
        CoUninitialize();
        return 1;                    // Program has failed.
    }
    
    // Step 3: ---------------------------------------------------
    // Obtain the initial locator to WMI -------------------------

    IWbemLocator *pLoc = NULL;

    hres = CoCreateInstance(
        CLSID_WbemLocator,             
        0, 
        CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, 
        IID_IWbemLocator, (LPVOID *) &pLoc);
 
    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Failed to create IWbemLocator object."
            << " Err code = 0x"
            << hex << hres << endl;
        CoUninitialize();
        return 1;                 // Program has failed.
    }

    // Step 4: -----------------------------------------------------
    // Connect to WMI through the IWbemLocator::ConnectServer method

    IWbemServices *pSvc = NULL;
 
    // Connect to the root\cimv2 namespace with
    // the current user and obtain pointer pSvc
    // to make IWbemServices calls.
    hres = pLoc->ConnectServer(
         _bstr_t(L"ROOT\\CIMV2"), // Object path of WMI namespace
         NULL,                    // User name. NULL = current user
         NULL,                    // User password. NULL = current
         0,                       // Locale. NULL indicates current
         NULL,                    // Security flags.
         0,                       // Authority (for example, Kerberos)
         0,                       // Context object 
         &pSvc                    // pointer to IWbemServices proxy
         );
    
    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Could not connect. Error code = 0x" 
             << hex << hres << endl;
        pLoc->Release();     
        CoUninitialize();
        return 1;                // Program has failed.
    }

    cout << "Connected to ROOT\\CIMV2 WMI namespace" << endl;


    // Step 5: --------------------------------------------------
    // Set security levels on the proxy -------------------------

    hres = CoSetProxyBlanket(
       pSvc,                        // Indicates the proxy to set
       RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT,           // RPC_C_AUTHN_xxx
       RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE,            // RPC_C_AUTHZ_xxx
       NULL,                        // Server principal name 
       RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_CALL,      // RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_xxx 
       RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, // RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_xxx
       NULL,                        // client identity
       EOAC_NONE                    // proxy capabilities 
    );

    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Could not set proxy blanket. Error code = 0x" 
            << hex << hres << endl;
        pSvc->Release();
        pLoc->Release();     
        CoUninitialize();
        return 1;               // Program has failed.
    }

    // Step 6: --------------------------------------------------
    // Use the IWbemServices pointer to make requests of WMI ----

    // For example, get the name of the operating system
    IEnumWbemClassObject* pEnumerator = NULL;
    hres = pSvc->ExecQuery(
        bstr_t("WQL"), 
        bstr_t("SELECT * FROM Win32_OperatingSystem"),
        WBEM_FLAG_FORWARD_ONLY | WBEM_FLAG_RETURN_IMMEDIATELY, 
        NULL,
        &pEnumerator);
    
    if (FAILED(hres))
    {
        cout << "Query for operating system name failed."
            << " Error code = 0x" 
            << hex << hres << endl;
        pSvc->Release();
        pLoc->Release();
        CoUninitialize();
        return 1;               // Program has failed.
    }

    // Step 7: -------------------------------------------------
    // Get the data from the query in step 6 -------------------
 
    IWbemClassObject *pclsObj;
    ULONG uReturn = 0;
   
    while (pEnumerator)
    {
        HRESULT hr = pEnumerator->Next(WBEM_INFINITE, 1, 
            &pclsObj, &uReturn);

        if(0 == uReturn)
        {
            break;
        }

        VARIANT vtProp;

        // Get the value of the Name property
        hr = pclsObj->Get(L"Name", 0, &vtProp, 0, 0);
        wcout << " OS Name : " << vtProp.bstrVal << endl;
        VariantClear(&vtProp);

        pclsObj->Release();
    }

    // Cleanup
    // ========
    
    pSvc->Release();
    pLoc->Release();
    pEnumerator->Release();
    if(!pclsObj) pclsObj->Release();
    CoUninitialize();

    return 0;   // Program successfully completed.
 
}

 

 

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