WinStationQueryInformationW function

[WinStationQueryInformationW is not supported and may be altered or unavailable in the future. Instead, use the GetSystemMetrics function with SM_REMOTESESSION to obtain this information (see Detecting the Remote Desktop Services Environment). ]

Applies to: desktop apps only

Determines whether the calling application is running on a Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client.

This function only works reliably on Windows 2000.

Syntax


BOOLEAN WinStationQueryInformationW(
  _In_   HANDLE hServer,
  _In_   ULONG LogonId,
  _In_   WINSTATIONINFOCLASS WinStationInformationClass,
  _Out_  PVOID pWinStationInformation,
  _In_   ULONG WinStationInformationLength,
  _Out_  PULONG pReturnLength
);

Parameters

hServer [in]

Must be SERVERNAME_CURRENT.

LogonId [in]

Must be LOGONID_CURRENT.

WinStationInformationClass [in]

Must be the WinStationInformation value of the WINSTATIONINFOCLASS enumeration.

pWinStationInformation [out]

Pointer to a WINSTATIONINFORMATIONW structure to receive return data. Under Windows 2000 only, if WinStationQueryInformationW succeeds and the LogonId element of this structure is nonzero on return, the calling application is running on a Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client.

WinStationInformationLength [in]

Size of the buffer pointed to by the pWinStationInformation parameter. Must be equal to "sizeof(WINSTATIONINFORMATIONW)".

pReturnLength [out]

Pointer to a location where the function writes the actual size of the information returned.

Return value

Returns TRUE if the function succeeds, or FALSE if not. Additional error information can be obtained on failure by calling GetLastError.

Remarks

If you do use WinStationQueryInformationW, access the function by Using Run-time Dynamic Linking as shown in the example below. This gives your code an opportunity to respond gracefully if the function has been changed or removed from the operating system. Signature changes, however, may not be detectable.

This function is defined in Winternl.h as follows.

typedef BOOLEAN (WINAPI * PWINSTATIONQUERYINFORMATIONW)(
    HANDLE, ULONG, WINSTATIONINFOCLASS, PVOID, ULONG, PULONG );

Examples

The entire function below, which uses a call to WinStationQueryInformationW to determine whether it is running on a Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client, can be replaced by a single call to GetSystemMetrics( SM_REMOTESESSION ).


#include <windows.h>
#include <winternl.h>

BOOL IsRunningOnTerminalServerClient( void )
{
  PWINSTATIONQUERYINFORMATIONW WinStationQueryInformationW;
  WINSTATIONINFORMATIONW wsInfo;
  HINSTANCE hInstWinSta;
  ULONG ReturnLen;

  hInstWinSta = LoadLibraryA( "winsta.dll" );
  if( hInstWinSta )
  {
    WinStationQueryInformationW = (PWINSTATIONQUERYINFORMATIONW)
        GetProcAddress( hInstWinSta, "WinStationQueryInformationW" );
    if( WinStationQueryInformationW &&
        WinStationQueryInformationW( SERVERNAME_CURRENT, 
                                     LOGONID_CURRENT, 
                                     WinStationInformation,
                                     &wsInfo, 
                                     sizeof(wsInfo), 
                                     &ReturnLen ) &&
        ( wsInfo.LogonId != 0 ) )
    {
      FreeLibrary( hInstWinSta );
      return( TRUE );
    }
    FreeLibrary( hInstWinSta );
  }
  return FALSE;
}


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server

End of client support

Windows 2000 Professional

End of server support

Windows 2000 Server

DLL

Winsta.dll

See also

GetSystemMetrics
WTSQuerySessionInformation

 

 

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Build date: 9/5/2012

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