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CryptDecodeObjectEx function

The CryptDecodeObjectEx function decodes a structure of the type indicated by the lpszStructType parameter. CryptDecodeObjectEx offers a significant performance improvement over CryptDecodeObject by supporting memory allocation with the CRYPT_DECODE_ALLOC_FLAG value.

Syntax


BOOL WINAPI CryptDecodeObjectEx(
  _In_     DWORD dwCertEncodingType,
  _In_     LPCSTR lpszStructType,
  _In_     const BYTE *pbEncoded,
  _In_     DWORD cbEncoded,
  _In_     DWORD dwFlags,
  _In_     PCRYPT_DECODE_PARA pDecodePara,
  _Out_    void *pvStructInfo,
  _Inout_  DWORD *pcbStructInfo
);

Parameters

dwCertEncodingType [in]

The type of encoding used. It is always acceptable to specify both the certificate and message encoding types by combining them with a bitwise-OR operation as shown in the following example:

X509_ASN_ENCODING | PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING

Currently defined encoding types are:

  • X509_ASN_ENCODING
  • PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING

Note  Either a certificate or message encoding type is required. X509_ASN_ENCODING is the default. If that type is indicated, it is used. Otherwise, if the PKCS7_ASN_ENCODING type is indicated, it is used.

lpszStructType [in]

A pointer to an object identifier (OID) that defines the structure type. If the high-order word of the lpszStructType parameter is zero, the low-order word specifies the integer identifier for the type of the specified structure. Otherwise, this parameter is a long pointer to a null-terminated string.

For more information about object identifier strings, their predefined constants, and corresponding structures, see Constants for CryptEncodeObject and CryptDecodeObject.

pbEncoded [in]

A pointer to the data to be decoded. The structure must be of the type specified by lpszStructType.

cbEncoded [in]

The number of bytes pointed to by pbEncoded. This is the number of bytes to be decoded.

dwFlags [in]

This parameter can be one or more of the following flags. The flags can be combined by using a bitwise-OR operation.

ValueMeaning
CRYPT_DECODE_ALLOC_FLAG

The called decoding function allocates memory for the decoded structure. A pointer to the allocated structure is returned in pvStructInfo.

If pDecodePara or the pfnAlloc member of pDecodePara is NULL, then LocalAlloc is called for the allocation and LocalFree must be called to free the memory.

If pDecodePara and the pfnAlloc member of pDecodePara are not NULL, then the function pointed to by pfnAlloc is called for the allocation and the function pointed to by the pfnFree member of pDecodePara must be called to free the memory.

CRYPT_DECODE_ENABLE_PUNYCODE_FLAG
33554432 (0x2000000)

This flag is applicable for enabling Punycode decoding of Unicode string values. For more information, see Remarks.

Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP:  This flag is not supported.

CRYPT_DECODE_NOCOPY_FLAG

This flag can be set to enable a "no copy" optimization. This optimization updates the pvStructInfo members to point to content that resides within pbEncoded instead of making a copy of the content and appending it to pvStructInfo. The calling application needs to allocate less memory and execution is faster because a copy is not made. Note that when performing "no copy" decoding, pbEncoded cannot be freed until pvStructInfo is freed.

CRYPT_UNICODE_NAME_DECODE_DISABLE_IE4_UTF8_FLAG

This flag is applicable when decoding X509_UNICODE_NAME, X509_UNICODE_NAME_VALUE, or X509_UNICODE_ANY_STRING. By default, CERT_RDN_T61_STRING encoded values are initially decoded as UTF8. If the UTF8 decoding fails, then the value is decoded as eight-bit characters. If this flag is set, it skips the initial attempt to decode the value as UTF8 and decodes the value as eight-bit characters.

CRYPT_DECODE_TO_BE_SIGNED_FLAG

By default, the contents of the buffer pointed to by pbEncoded included the signed content and the signature. If this flag is set, the buffer includes only the "to be signed" content. This flag is applicable to X509_CERT_TO_BE_SIGNED, X509_CERT_CRL_TO_BE_SIGNED, X509_CRT_REQUEST_TO_BE_SIGNED, and X509_KEYGEN_REQUEST_TO_BE_SIGNED objects.

CRYPT_DECODE_SHARE_OID_STRING_FLAG

When this flag is set, the OID strings are allocated in Crypt32.dll and shared instead of being copied into the returned data structure. This flag can be set if Crypt32.dll is not unloaded before the caller is unloaded.

CRYPT_DECODE_NO_SIGNATURE_BYTE_REVERSAL_FLAG

By default, the signature bytes are reversed. If this flag is set, this byte reversal is inhibited.

 

pDecodePara [in]

A pointer to a CRYPT_DECODE_PARA structure that contains decoding paragraph information. If pDecodePara is set to NULL, then LocalAlloc and LocalFree are used to allocate and free memory. If pDecodePara points to a CRYPT_DECODE_PARA structure, that structure passes in callback functions to allocate and free memory. These callback functions override the default memory allocation of LocalAlloc and LocalFree.

pvStructInfo [out]

If the dwFlags CRYPT_ENCODE_ALLOC_FLAG is set, pvStructInfo is not a pointer to a buffer but is the address of a pointer to the buffer. Because memory is allocated inside the function and the pointer is stored at *pvStructInfo, pvStructInfo must never be NULL.

If CRYPT_ENCODE_ALLOC_FLAG is not set, pvStructInfo is a pointer to a buffer that receives the decoded structure. When the buffer that is specified is not large enough to receive the decoded structure, the function sets the ERROR_MORE_DATA code and stores the required buffer size, in bytes, in the variable pointed to by pcbStructInfo.

This parameter can be NULL to retrieve the size of this information for memory allocation purposes. For more information, see Retrieving Data of Unknown Length.

pcbStructInfo [in, out]

A pointer to a DWORD variable that contains the size, in bytes, of the buffer pointed to by the pvStructInfo parameter. When the function returns, the DWORD value contains the number of bytes stored in the buffer. The size contained in the variable pointed to by pcbStructInfo can indicate a size larger than the decoded structure because the decoded structure can include pointers to auxiliary data. This size is the sum of the size needed by the decoded structure and the auxiliary data.

When CRYPT_DECODE_ALLOC_FLAG is set, the initial value of *pcbStructInfo is not used by the function, and on return, *pcbStructInfo contains the number of bytes allocated for pvStructInfo.

Note  When processing the data returned in the buffer, applications must use the actual size of the data returned. The actual size can be slightly smaller than the size of the buffer specified on input. (On input, buffer sizes are usually specified large enough to ensure that the largest possible output data fits in the buffer.) On output, the variable pointed to by this parameter is updated to reflect the actual size of the data copied to the buffer.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the function returns nonzero (TRUE).

If the function fails, it returns zero (FALSE). For extended error information, call GetLastError. The following table shows some possible error codes.

Return codeDescription
CRYPT_E_BAD_ENCODE

An error was encountered while decoding.

ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND

A decoding function could not be found for the specified dwCertEncodingType and lpszStructType.

ERROR_MORE_DATA

If the buffer specified by the pvStructInfo parameter is not large enough to hold the returned data, the function sets the ERROR_MORE_DATA code and stores the required buffer size, in bytes, in the variable pointed to by pcbStructInfo.

 

If the function fails, GetLastError may return an Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) encoding/decoding error. For information about these errors, see ASN.1 Encoding/Decoding Return Values.

Remarks

When encoding a cryptographic object using the preferred CryptEncodeObjectEx function, the terminating NULL character is included. When decoding, using the preferred CryptDecodeObjectEx function, the terminating NULL character is not retained.

Each constant in the list below has an associated structure type that is pointed to by the pvStructInfo parameter. The structure pointed to, directly or indirectly, has a reference to a CERT_ALT_NAME_ENTRY structure.

  • X509_ALTERNATE_NAME
  • szOID_AUTHORITY_INFO_ACCESS
  • X509_AUTHORITY_INFO_ACCESS
  • X509_AUTHORITY_KEY_ID2
  • szOID_AUTHORITY_KEY_IDENTIFIER2
  • szOID_CRL_DIST_POINTS
  • X509_CRL_DIST_POINTS
  • szOID_CROSS_CERT_DIST_POINTS
  • X509_CROSS_CERT_DIST_POINTS
  • szOID_ISSUER_ALT_NAME
  • szOID_ISSUER_ALT_NAME2
  • szOID_ISSUING_DIST_POINT
  • X509_ISSUING_DIST_POINT
  • X509_NAME_CONSTRAINTS
  • szOID_NAME_CONSTRAINTS
  • szOID_NEXT_UPDATE_LOCATION
  • OCSP_REQUEST
  • zOID_SUBJECT_ALT_NAME
  • szOID_SUBJECT_ALT_NAME2

The CRYPT_DECODE_ENABLE_PUNYCODE_FLAG flag, in conjunction with the value of the dwAltNameChoice member of the CERT_ALT_NAME_ENTRY structure, determines the manner in which strings are encoded.

dwAltNameChoiceEffect
CERT_ALT_NAME_DNS_NAMEIf the host name contains a Punycode encoded IA5String string, it is converted to the Unicode equivalent.
CERT_ALT_NAME_RFC822_NAMEIf the host name portion of the email address contains a Punycode encoded IA5String string, it is converted to its Unicode equivalent.
CERT_ALT_NAME_URLThe URI is decoded. If the server host name of the URI contains a Punycode encoded IA5String string, the host name string is decoded to the Unicode equivalent.

 

Each constant in the list below has an associated structure type that is pointed to by the pvStructInfo parameter. The structure pointed to, directly or indirectly, has a reference to a CERT_HASHED_URL structure.

  • szOID_LOGOTYPE_EXT
  • X509_LOGOTYPE_EXT
  • szOID_BIOMETRIC_EXT
  • X509_BIOMETRIC_EXT

When decoding the CERT_HASHED_URL structure value, the URI is decoded. If the host name contains a Punycode encoded host name, it is converted to the Unicode equivalent.

Each X509_UNICODE_NAME constant in the list below has an associated structure type that is pointed to by the pvStructInfo parameter.

  • X509_UNICODE_NAME

If the pszObjId member of the CERT_RDN_ATTR structure is set to szOID_RSA_emailAddr and the email address in the Value member contains Punycode encoded string, it is converted to the Unicode equivalent.

Examples

For an example that uses this function, see Example C Program: ASN.1 Encoding and Decoding.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

Wincrypt.h

Library

Crypt32.lib

DLL

Crypt32.dll

See also

Object Encoding and Decoding Functions
CryptDecodeObject
CryptEncodeObject
CryptEncodeObjectEx

 

 

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