Configuring and Starting the NT Kernel Logger Session

The NT Kernel Logger session is an event tracing session that records a predefined set of kernel events. You do not call the EnableTrace function to enable the kernel providers. Instead, you use the EnableFlags member of EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure to specify the kernel events that you want to receive. The StartTrace function uses the enable flags that you specify to enable the kernel providers.

There is only one NT Kernel Logger session. If the session is already in use, the StartTrace function returns ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS.

For details on starting an event tracing session, see Configuring and Starting an Event Tracing Session.

For details on starting a private logger session, see Configuring and Starting a Private Logger Session.

For details on starting a Global Logger session, see Configuring and Starting the Global Logger Session.

For details on starting an AutoLogger session, see Configuring and Starting an AutoLogger Session.

The following example shows how to configure and start an NT Kernel Logger session that collects network TCP/IP kernel events and writes them to a 5MB circular file.


#define INITGUID  // Include this #define to use SystemTraceControlGuid in Evntrace.h.

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <strsafe.h>
#include <wmistr.h>
#include <evntrace.h>

#define LOGFILE_PATH L"<FULLPATHTOTHELOGFILE.etl>"

void wmain(void)
{
    ULONG status = ERROR_SUCCESS;
    TRACEHANDLE SessionHandle = 0;
    EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES* pSessionProperties = NULL;
    ULONG BufferSize = 0;

    // Allocate memory for the session properties. The memory must
    // be large enough to include the log file name and session name,
    // which get appended to the end of the session properties structure.
    
    BufferSize = sizeof(EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES) + sizeof(LOGFILE_PATH) + sizeof(KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME);
    pSessionProperties = (EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES*) malloc(BufferSize);    
    if (NULL == pSessionProperties)
    {
        wprintf(L"Unable to allocate %d bytes for properties structure.\n", BufferSize);
        goto cleanup;
    }
    
    // Set the session properties. You only append the log file name
    // to the properties structure; the StartTrace function appends
    // the session name for you.

    ZeroMemory(pSessionProperties, BufferSize);
    pSessionProperties->Wnode.BufferSize = BufferSize;
    pSessionProperties->Wnode.Flags = WNODE_FLAG_TRACED_GUID;
    pSessionProperties->Wnode.ClientContext = 1; //QPC clock resolution
    pSessionProperties->Wnode.Guid = SystemTraceControlGuid; 
    pSessionProperties->EnableFlags = EVENT_TRACE_FLAG_NETWORK_TCPIP;
    pSessionProperties->LogFileMode = EVENT_TRACE_FILE_MODE_CIRCULAR;
    pSessionProperties->MaximumFileSize = 5;  // 5 MB
    pSessionProperties->LoggerNameOffset = sizeof(EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES);
    pSessionProperties->LogFileNameOffset = sizeof(EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES) + sizeof(KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME); 
    StringCbCopy((LPWSTR)((char*)pSessionProperties + pSessionProperties->LogFileNameOffset), sizeof(LOGFILE_PATH), LOGFILE_PATH);

    // Create the trace session.

    status = StartTrace((PTRACEHANDLE)&SessionHandle, KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME, pSessionProperties);

    if (ERROR_SUCCESS != status)
    {
        if (ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS == status)
        {
            wprintf(L"The NT Kernel Logger session is already in use.\n");
        }
        else
        {
            wprintf(L"EnableTrace() failed with %lu\n", status);
        }

        goto cleanup;
    }

    wprintf(L"Press any key to end trace session ");
    _getch();

cleanup:

    if (SessionHandle)
    {
        status = ControlTrace(SessionHandle, KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME, pSessionProperties, EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_STOP);

        if (ERROR_SUCCESS != status)
        {
            wprintf(L"ControlTrace(stop) failed with %lu\n", status);
        }
    }

    if (pSessionProperties)
        free(pSessionProperties);
}


Related topics

Configuring and Starting a Private Logger Session
Configuring and Starting a SystemTraceProvider Session
Configuring and Starting an AutoLogger Session
Configuring and Starting an Event Tracing Session
Updating an Event Tracing Session

 

 

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