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SoapHeaderAttribute Class

This attribute is applied to an XML Web service method or an XML Web service client to specify a SOAP header that the XML Web service method or XML Web service client can process. This class cannot be inherited.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHeaderAttribute

Namespace:  System.Web.Services.Protocols
Assembly:  System.Web.Services (in System.Web.Services.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Method, AllowMultiple = true)]
public sealed class SoapHeaderAttribute : Attribute

The SoapHeaderAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSoapHeaderAttributeInitializes a new instance of the SoapHeaderAttribute class, setting the member of the XML Web service class representing the SOAP header contents.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyDirectionGets or sets whether the SOAP header is intended for the XML Web service or the XML Web service client or both.
Public propertyMemberNameGets or sets the member of the XML Web service class representing the SOAP header contents.
Public propertyRequired Obsolete. This member is obsolete and has no functionality.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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The basic steps to receiving and processing a SOAP header are:

  1. Create a class deriving from SoapHeader representing the data passed in the SOAP header.

  2. Add a member to the XML Web service class or XML Web service client proxy class of the type created in step 1.

  3. Apply a SoapHeaderAttribute to the XML Web service method or the corresponding method in the proxy class, specifying the member created in step 2 in the MemberName property.

  4. Within the XML Web service method or XML Web service client code, access the MemberName property to process the data sent in the SOAP header.

For more details, see the MemberName property.

The following MyWebService XML Web service defines one SoapHeader of type MyHeader. The Hello XML Web service method requires the client to invoke the XML Web service method with this SoapHeader. The Hello XML Web service also catches any SOAP headers other than MyHeader.

<%@ WebService Language="C#" Class="MyWebService"%>
using System.Web.Services;
using System.Web.Services.Protocols;

// Define a SOAP header by deriving from the SoapHeader base class.
// The header contains just one string value.
public class MyHeader : SoapHeader {
    public string MyValue;
}

public class MyWebService {
    // Member variable to receive the contents of the MyHeader SoapHeader.
    public MyHeader myHeader;

    // Member variable to receive all headers other than MyHeader.
    public SoapUnknownHeader[] unknownHeaders;

    [WebMethod]
    [SoapHeader("myHeader", Direction=SoapHeaderDirection.InOut)]

    // Receive any SOAP headers other than MyHeader.
    [SoapHeader("unknownHeaders")]
    public void Hello() {

       // Process the MyHeader SoapHeader.
       if (myHeader.MyValue == "Some string") {
          // Process the header.
       }
       foreach (SoapHeader header in unknownHeaders) {
           // Perform some processing on header.

           // For those headers that cannot be processed,
           // set the DidUnderstand property to false.
           header.DidUnderstand = false;
       }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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