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ManagementReferenceAttribute Class

The ManagementReferenceAttribute marks a class member, property or method parameter as a reference to another management object or class.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Management.Instrumentation.ManagementReferenceAttribute

Namespace:  System.Management.Instrumentation
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Property|AttributeTargets.Field|AttributeTargets.Parameter, AllowMultiple = false)]
[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, MayLeakOnAbort = true)]
public sealed class ManagementReferenceAttribute : Attribute

The ManagementReferenceAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodManagementReferenceAttributeInitializes a new instance of the ManagementReferenceAttribute class. This is the default constructor.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyTypeGets or sets the name of the referenced type.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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You can use this attribute to create association classes as demonstrated in the following example.

NoteNote

The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this type or member has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.

This example demonstrates how to use the ManagementReferenceAttribute attribute together with the ManagementQualifierAttribute to create an association WMI class that links two other WMI classes. The example is a decoupled provider that exposes three WMI classes in the root/assoc namespace. The first two classes, NumberPhonetic and NumberLetter, are linked by the last class, LetterPhonetic.

To compile the example, you will need to include references to both System.Management.Instrumentation and System.Configuration.Install. You must run installutil.exe against the resulting executable and ensure that the program is running in order to use the implemented WMI classes.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Management.Instrumentation;

[assembly: WmiConfiguration("root/assoc", HostingModel = ManagementHostingModel.Decoupled)]

[System.ComponentModel.RunInstaller(true)]
public class TheInstaller : DefaultManagementInstaller
{ }


namespace AssocExample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            InstrumentationManager.RegisterType(typeof(NumberPhonetic));
            InstrumentationManager.RegisterType(typeof(NumberLetter));
            InstrumentationManager.RegisterType(typeof(LetterPhonetic));

            Console.WriteLine("Press enter to exit");
            Console.ReadLine();

            InstrumentationManager.UnregisterType(typeof(NumberPhonetic));
            InstrumentationManager.UnregisterType(typeof(NumberLetter));
            InstrumentationManager.UnregisterType(typeof(LetterPhonetic));
             
        }
    }

  [ManagementEntity]
    public class NumberPhonetic
    {
        [ManagementKey]
        public int Number;

        [ManagementProbe]
        public string Name;

        [ManagementBind]
        public NumberPhonetic(int Number)
        {
           this.Number = Number;
           if(Number == 1)
           {
              Name = "alpha";
           }
           else if(Number == 2)
           {
              Name = "bravo";
           }
           else
           {
              throw new InstanceNotFoundException();
           }
        }

        [ManagementEnumerator]
        static public IEnumerable EnumerateInstances()
        {
            for (int i = 1; i < 3; i++)
            {
                yield return new NumberPhonetic(i);
            }
        }
           
    }

    [ManagementEntity]
    public class NumberLetter
    {
        [ManagementKey]
        public int Number;

        [ManagementProbe]
        public string Letter;

        [ManagementBind]
        public NumberLetter(int Number)
        {
           this.Number = Number;
           if(Number == 1)
           {
              Letter = "A";
           }
           else if(Number == 2)
           {
              Letter = "B";
           }
           else
           {
              throw new InstanceNotFoundException();
           }
        }

        [ManagementEnumerator]
        static public IEnumerable EnumerateInstances()
        {
            for (int i = 1; i < 3; i++)
            {
                yield return new NumberLetter(i);
            }
        }

    }

    [ManagementEntity]
    [ManagementQualifier("Association", Flavor = ManagementQualifierFlavors.DisableOverride)]
    public class LetterPhonetic
    {
        [ManagementReference(Type = "NumberLetter")]
        [ManagementKey]
        public string LetterNumber;

        [ManagementReference(Type = "NumberPhonetic")]
        [ManagementKey]
        public string PhoneticNumber;

        [ManagementEnumerator]
        static public IEnumerable EnumerateInstances()
        {
            ArrayList insts = new ArrayList();
            for (int i = 1; i < 3; i++)
            {
                LetterPhonetic inst = new LetterPhonetic();
                inst.LetterNumber = "Letter = " + i;
                inst.PhoneticNumber = "Phonetic = " + i;
                insts.Add(inst);
            }
            return insts;
        }

    }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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