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map::rend

Returns an iterator that addresses the location succeeding the last element in a reversed map.

const_reverse_iterator rend( ) const; 
reverse_iterator rend( );

A reverse bidirectional iterator that addresses the location succeeding the last element in a reversed map (the location that had preceded the first element in the unreversed map).

rend is used with a reversed map just as end is used with a map.

If the return value of rend is assigned to a const_reverse_iterator, then the map object cannot be modified. If the return value of rend is assigned to a reverse_iterator, then the map object can be modified.

rend can be used to test to whether a reverse iterator has reached the end of its map.

The value returned by rend should not be dereferenced.

// map_rend.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <map>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;
   map <int, int> m1;

   map <int, int> :: iterator m1_Iter;
   map <int, int> :: reverse_iterator m1_rIter;
   map <int, int> :: const_reverse_iterator m1_crIter;
   typedef pair <int, int> Int_Pair;

   m1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 1, 10 ) );
   m1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 2, 20 ) );
   m1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 3, 30 ) );

   m1_rIter = m1.rend( );
   m1_rIter--;
   cout << "The last element of the reversed map m1 is "
        << m1_rIter -> first << "." << endl;

   // begin can be used to start an iteration 
   // through a map in a forward order
   cout << "The map is: ";
   for ( m1_Iter = m1.begin( ) ; m1_Iter != m1.end( ); m1_Iter++)
      cout << m1_Iter -> first << " ";
      cout << "." << endl;

   // rbegin can be used to start an iteration 
   // through a map in a reverse order
   cout << "The reversed map is: ";
   for ( m1_rIter = m1.rbegin( ) ; m1_rIter != m1.rend( ); m1_rIter++)
      cout << m1_rIter -> first << " ";
      cout << "." << endl;

   // A map element can be erased by dereferencing to its key 
   m1_rIter = --m1.rend( );
   m1.erase ( m1_rIter -> first );

   m1_rIter = m1.rend( );
   m1_rIter--;
   cout << "After the erasure, the last element "
        << "in the reversed map is "
        << m1_rIter -> first << "." << endl;
}
The last element of the reversed map m1 is 1.
The map is: 1 2 3 .
The reversed map is: 3 2 1 .
After the erasure, the last element in the reversed map is 2.

Header: <map>

Namespace: std

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