Uniquely identifies XAML-defined elements in a XAML namescope. XAML namescopes and their uniqueness models can be applied to the instantiated objects, when frameworks provide APIs or implement behaviors that access the XAML-created object graph at run time.
After x:Name is applied to a framework's backing programming model, the name is equivalent to the variable that holds an object reference or an instance as returned by a constructor.
The value of an x:Name directive usage must be unique within a XAML namescope. By default when used by .NET Framework XAML Services API, the primary XAML namescope is defined at the XAML root element of a single XAML production, and encompasses the elements that are contained in that XAML production. Additional discrete XAML namescopes that might occur within a single XAML production can be defined by frameworks to address specific scenarios. For example, in WPF, new XAML namescopes are defined and created by any template that is also defined on that XAML production. For more information about XAML namescopes (written for WPF but relevant for many XAML namescope concepts), see WPF XAML Namescopes.
In general, x:Name should not be applied in situations that also use x:Key. XAML implementations by specific existing frameworks have introduced substitution concepts between x:Key and x:Name, but that is not a recommended practice. .NET Framework XAML Services does not support such substitution concepts when handling name/key information such as INameScope or DictionaryKeyPropertyAttribute.
Rules for permittance of x:Name as well as the name uniqueness enforcement are potentially defined by specific implementing frameworks. However, to be usable with .NET Framework XAML Services, the framework definitions of XAML namescope uniqueness should be consistent with the definition of INameScope information in this documentation, and should use the same rules regarding where the information is applied. For example, the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) implementation divides various markup elements into separate NameScope ranges, such as resource dictionaries, the logical tree created by the page-level XAML, templates, and other deferred content, and then enforces XAML name uniqueness within each of those XAML namescopes.
For custom types that use .NET Framework XAML Services XAML object writers, a property that maps to x:Name on a type can be established or changed. You define this behavior by referencing the name of the property to map with the RuntimeNamePropertyAttribute in the type definition code. RuntimeNamePropertyAttribute is a type-level attribute.
Using.NET Framework XAML Services, the backing logic for XAML namescope support can be defined in a framework-neutral way by implementing the INameScope interface.
Under the standard build configuration for a WPF application that uses XAML, partial classes, and code-behind, the specified x:Name becomes the name of a field that is created in the underlying code when XAML is processed by a markup compilation build task, and that field holds a reference to the object. By default, the created field is internal. You can change field access by specifying the x:FieldModifier attribute. In WPF and Silverlight, the sequence is that the markup compile defines and names the field in a partial class, but the value is initially empty. Then, a generated method named InitializeComponent is called from within the class constructor. InitializeComponent consists of FindName calls using each of the x:Name values that exist in the XAML-defined part of the partial class as input strings. The return values are then assigned to the like-named field reference to fill the field values with objects that were created from XAML parsing. The execution of InitializeComponent make it possible to reference the run time object graph using the x:Name / field name directly, rather than having to call FindName explicitly any time you need a reference to a XAML-defined object.
For a WPF application that uses the Microsoft Visual Basic targets and includes XAML files with Page build action, a separate reference property is created during compilation that adds the WithEvents keyword to all elements that have an x:Name, to support Handles syntax for event handler delegates. This property is always public. For more information, see Visual Basic and WPF Event Handling.
x:Name is used by the WPF XAML processor to register a name into a XAML namescope at load time, even for cases where the page is not markup-compiled by build actions (for example, loose XAML of a resource dictionary). One reason for this behavior is because the x:Name is potentially needed for ElementName binding. For details, see Data Binding Overview.
As mentioned previously, x:Name (or Name) should not be applied in situations that also use x:Key. The WPF ResourceDictionary has a special behavior of defining itself as a XAML namescope but returning Not Implemented or null values for INameScope APIs as a way to enforce this behavior. If the WPF XAML parser encounters Name or x:Name in a XAML-defined ResourceDictionary, the name is not added to any XAML namescope. Attempting to find that name from any XAML namescope and the FindName methods will not return valid results.
x:Name and Name
Many WPF application scenarios can avoid any use of the x:Name attribute, because the Name dependency property as specified in the default XAML namespace for several of the important base classes such as FrameworkElement and FrameworkContentElement satisfies this same purpose. There are still some common XAML and WPF scenarios where code access to an element with no Name property at the framework level is important. For example, certain animation and storyboard support classes do not support a Name property, but they often need to be referenced in code in order to control the animation. You should specify x:Name as an attribute on timelines and transforms that are created in XAML, if you intend to reference them from code later.
If Name is available as a property on the class, Name and x:Name can be used interchangeably as attributes, but a parse exception will result if both are specified on the same element. If the XAML is markup compiled, the exception will occur on the markup compile, otherwise it occurs on load.
Name can be set using XAML attribute syntax, and in code using SetValue; note however that setting the Name property in code does not create the representative field reference within the XAML namescope in most circumstances where the XAML is already loaded. Instead of attempting to set Name in code, use NameScope methods from code, against the appropriate namescope.
Name can also be set using property element syntax with inner text, but that is uncommon. In contrast, x:Name cannot be set in XAML property element syntax, or in code using SetValue; it can only be set using attribute syntax on objects because it is a directive.
x:Name for Silverlight is documented separately. For more information, see XAML Namespace (x:) Language Features (Silverlight).