Locates a Unicode string (wide characters) or its equivalent in another Unicode string for a locale specified by name.
Caution Because strings with very different binary representations can compare as identical, this function can raise certain security concerns. For more information, see the discussion of comparison functions in Security Considerations: International Features.
int FindNLSStringEx( _In_opt_ LPCWSTR lpLocaleName, _In_ DWORD dwFindNLSStringFlags, _In_ LPCWSTR lpStringSource, _In_ int cchSource, _In_ LPCWSTR lpStringValue, _In_ int cchValue, _Out_opt_ LPINT pcchFound, _In_opt_ LPNLSVERSIONINFO lpVersionInformation, _In_opt_ LPVOID lpReserved, _In_opt_ LPARAM sortHandle );
- lpLocaleName [in, optional]
Pointer to a locale name, or one of the following predefined values.
- dwFindNLSStringFlags [in]
Flags specifying details of the find operation. These flags are mutually exclusive, with FIND_FROMSTART being the default. The application can specify just one of the find flags with any of the filtering flags defined in the next table. If the application does not specify a flag, the function uses the default comparison for the specified locale. As discussed in Handling Sorting in Your Applications, there is no binary comparison mode.
The application can use the filtering flags defined below in combination with a find flag.
- lpStringSource [in]
Pointer to the source string, in which the function searches for the string specified by lpStringValue.
- cchSource [in]
Size, in characters excluding the terminating null character, of the string indicated by lpStringSource. The application cannot specify 0 or any negative number other than -1 for this parameter. The application specifies -1 if the source string is null-terminated and the function should calculate the size automatically.
- lpStringValue [in]
Pointer to the search string, for which the function searches in the source string.
- cchValue [in]
Size, in characters excluding the terminating null character, of the string indicated by lpStringValue. The application cannot specify 0 or any negative number other than -1 for this parameter. The application specifies -1 if the search string is null-terminated and the function should calculate the size automatically.
- pcchFound [out, optional]
Pointer to a buffer containing the length of the string that the function finds. The string can be either longer or shorter than the search string. If the function fails to find the search string, this parameter is not modified.
The function can retrieve NULL in this parameter. In this case, the function makes no indication if the length of the found string differs from the length of the source string.
Note that the value of pcchFound is often identical to the value provided in cchValue, but can differ in the following cases:
- The value provided in cchValue is negative.
- The strings are equivalent, but have different lengths. For example, "A" plus "Combining Ring" (U+0041 U+030A) is equivalent to the "A Ring" (U+00c5).
- lpVersionInformation [in, optional]
Reserved; must be NULL.
- lpReserved [in, optional]
Reserved; must be NULL.
- sortHandle [in, optional]
Reserved; must be 0.
Returns a 0-based index into the source string indicated by lpStringSource if successful. In combination with the value in pcchFound, this index provides the exact location of the entire found string in the source string. A return value of 0 is an error-free index into the source string, and the matching string is in the source string at offset 0.
The function returns -1 if it does not succeed. To get extended error information, the application can call GetLastError, which can return one of the following error codes:
- ERROR_INVALID_FLAGS. The values supplied for flags were not valid.
- ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER. Any of the parameter values was invalid.
- ERROR_SUCCESS. The action completed successfully but yielded no results.
This function provides a variety of search options, including search direction, character equivalence filtering, and locale-specific filtering. Note that equivalence depends on the locale and flags specified in the call to the function. The filtering flags can alter the results of the search. For example, the potential matches increase when the function ignores case or diacritic marks when performing the search.
By default, this function maps the lowercase "i" to the uppercase "I", even when the Locale parameter specifies Turkish (Turkey) or Azeri (Azerbaijan). To override this behavior for Turkish or Azeri, the application should specify NORM_LINGUISTIC_CASING. If this flag is specified for the correct locale, "ı" (lowercase dotless I) is the lowercase form of "I" (uppercase dotless I) and "i" (lowercase dotted I) is the lowercase form of "ı" (uppercase dotted I).
For many scripts (notably Latin scripts), NORM_IGNORENONSPACE coincides with LINGUISTIC_IGNOREDIACRITIC and NORM_IGNORECASE coincides with LINGUISTIC_IGNORECASE, with the following exceptions:
- NORM_IGNORENONSPACE ignores any secondary distinction, whether or not it is a diacritic. Scripts for Korean, Japanese, Chinese, Indic languages, and others use this distinction for purposes other than diacritics. LINGUISTIC_IGNOREDIACRITIC ignores only actual diacritics, instead of simply ignoring the second sorting weight.
- NORM_IGNORECASE ignores any tertiary distinction, whether or not it is actually linguistic case. For example, in Arabic and Indic scripts, this flag distinguishes alternate forms of a character. However, the differences do not correspond to linguistic case. LINGUISTIC_IGNORECASE ignores only actual linguistic casing, instead of ignoring the third sorting weight.
In contrast to other NLS API functions, which return 0 for failure, this function returns -1 if it fails. On success, it returns a 0-based index. Use of this index helps the function avoid off-by-one errors and one-character buffer overruns.
This function is one of the few NLS functions that calls SetLastError even when it succeeds. It makes this call to clear the last error in a thread when it fails to match the search string. This clears the value returned by GetLastError.
Minimum supported client
|Windows Vista [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]|
Minimum supported server
|Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps | Windows Store apps]|
- National Language Support
- National Language Support Functions
- Handling Sorting in Your Applications
- Security Considerations: International Features