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Enumerable.Where<TSource> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>)

Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IEnumerable<TSource> Where<TSource>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, int, bool> predicate
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> to filter.
predicate
Type: System.Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>
A function to test each source element for a condition; the second parameter of the function represents the index of the source element.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> that contains elements from the input sequence that satisfy the condition.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or predicate is null.

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

The first argument of predicate represents the element to test. The second argument represents the zero-based index of the element within source.

The following code example demonstrates how to use Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>) to filter a sequence based on a predicate that involves the index of each element.


            int[] numbers = { 0, 30, 20, 15, 90, 85, 40, 75 };

            IEnumerable<int> query =
                numbers.Where((number, index) => number <= index * 10);

            foreach (int number in query)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(number);
            }
            /*
             This code produces the following output:

             0
             20
             15
             40
            */



.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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