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Convert.ToDecimal Method (String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent decimal number, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static decimal ToDecimal(
	string value,
	IFormatProvider provider
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.String

A string that contains a number to convert.

provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Return Value

Type: System.Decimal
A decimal number that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

ExceptionCondition
FormatException

value is not a number in a valid format.

OverflowException

value represents a number that is less than Decimal.MinValue or greater than Decimal.MaxValue.

The return value is the result of invoking the Decimal.Parse method on value.

provider is an IFormatProvider instance that obtains a NumberFormatInfo object. The NumberFormatInfo object provides culture-specific information about the format of value. If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo for the current culture is used.

If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the Decimal.TryParse method instead. It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

The following example attempts to convert an array of strings to Decimal values by using NumberFormatInfo objects that represent two different cultures.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] values = { "123456789", "12345.6789", "12 345,6789",
                          "123,456.789", "123 456,789", "123,456,789.0123",
                          "123 456 789,0123" };
      CultureInfo[] cultures = { new CultureInfo("en-US"),
                                 new CultureInfo("fr-FR") }; 

      foreach (CultureInfo culture in cultures)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("String -> Decimal Conversion Using the {0} Culture",
                           culture.Name);
         foreach (string value in values)
         {
            Console.Write("{0,20}  ->  ", value);
            try {
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToDecimal(value, culture));
            }
            catch (FormatException) {
               Console.WriteLine("FormatException");
            }
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }                     
   }
}
// The example displays the following output: 
//       String -> Decimal Conversion Using the en-US Culture 
//                  123456789  ->  123456789 
//                 12345.6789  ->  12345.6789 
//                12 345,6789  ->  FormatException 
//                123,456.789  ->  123456.789 
//                123 456,789  ->  FormatException 
//           123,456,789.0123  ->  123456789.0123 
//           123 456 789,0123  ->  FormatException 
//        
//       String -> Decimal Conversion Using the fr-FR Culture 
//                  123456789  ->  123456789 
//                 12345.6789  ->  FormatException 
//                12 345,6789  ->  12345.6789 
//                123,456.789  ->  FormatException 
//                123 456,789  ->  123456.789 
//           123,456,789.0123  ->  FormatException 
//           123 456 789,0123  ->  123456789.0123

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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