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map::const_reference

A type that provides a reference to a const element stored in a map for reading and performing const operations.

typedef typename allocator_type::const_reference const_reference;

// map_const_ref.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <map>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;
   map <int, int> m1;
   typedef pair <int, int> Int_Pair;

   m1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 1, 10 ) );
   m1.insert ( Int_Pair ( 2, 20 ) );

   // Declare and initialize a const_reference &Ref1 
   // to the key of the first element
   const int &Ref1 = ( m1.begin( ) -> first );

   // The following line would cause an error as the 
   // non-const_reference cannot be used to access the key
   // int &Ref1 = ( m1.begin( ) -> first );

   cout << "The key of first element in the map is "
        << Ref1 << "." << endl;

   // Declare and initialize a reference &Ref2 
   // to the data value of the first element
   int &Ref2 = ( m1.begin( ) -> second );

   cout << "The data value of first element in the map is "
        << Ref2 << "." << endl;
}
The key of first element in the map is 1.
The data value of first element in the map is 10.

Header: <map>

Namespace: std

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