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_snscanf, _snscanf_l, _snwscanf, _snwscanf_l

Reads formatted data of a specified length from a string. More secure versions of these functions are available; see _snscanf_s, _snscanf_s_l, _snwscanf_s, _snwscanf_s_l.

int __cdecl _snscanf(
   const char * input,
   size_t length,
   const char * format,
   ...
);
int __cdecl _snscanf_l(
   const char * input,
   size_t length,
   const char * format,
   locale_t locale,
   ...
);
int __cdecl _snwscanf(
   const wchar_t * input,
   size_t length,
   const wchar_t * format,
   ...
);
int __cdecl _snwscanf_l(
   const wchar_t * input,
   size_t length,
   const wchar_t * format,
   locale_t locale,
   ...
);

input

Input string to examine.

length

Number of characters to examine in input.

format

One or more format specifiers.

... (optional)

Variables that will be used to store the values extracted from the input string by the format specifiers in format.

locale

The locale to use.

Both of these functions returns the number of fields successfully converted and assigned; the return value does not include fields that were read but not assigned. A return value of 0 indicates that no fields were assigned. The return value is EOF for an error or if the end of the string is reached before the first conversion. For more information, see sscanf.

If input or format is a NULL pointer, or if length is less than or equal to zero, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, these functions return EOF and set errno to EINVAL.

For information about these and other error codes, see _doserrno, errno, _sys_errlist, and _sys_nerr.

This function is like sscanf except that it provides the ability to specify a fixed number of characters to examine from the input string. For more information, see sscanf.

The versions of these functions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead of the current thread locale.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

Tchar.h routine

_UNICODE and _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined

_sntscanf

_snscanf

_snscanf

_snwscanf

_sntscanf_l

_snscanf_l

_snscanf_l

_snwscanf_l

Routine

Required header

_snscanf , _snscanf_l

<stdio.h>

_snwscanf , _snwscanf_l

<stdio.h> or <wchar.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

// crt_snscanf.c
// compile with: /W3

#include <stdio.h>
int main( )
{
   char  str1[] = "15 12 14...";
   wchar_t  str2[] = L"15 12 14...";
   char  s1[3];
   wchar_t  s2[3];
   int   i;
   float fp;

   i = _snscanf( str1, 6,  "%s %f", s1, &fp); // C4996
   // Note: _snscanf is deprecated; consider using _snscanf_s instead
   printf("_snscanf converted %d fields: ", i);
   printf("%s and %f\n", s1, fp);

   i = _snwscanf( str2, 6,  L"%s %f", s2, &fp); // C4996
   // Note: _snwscanf is deprecated; consider using _snwscanf_s instead
   wprintf(L"_snwscanf converted %d fields: ", i);
   wprintf(L"%s and %f\n", s2, fp);
}
_snscanf converted 2 fields: 15 and 12.000000
_snwscanf converted 2 fields: 15 and 12.000000

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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