Lock, Unlock Functions
Controls access by other processes to all or part of a file opened using the Open function.
The My feature gives you greater productivity and performance in file I/O operations than Lock and Unlock. For more information, see My.Computer.FileSystem Object.
Public Overloads Sub Lock(ByVal FileNumber As Integer) ' -or- Public Overloads Sub Unlock(ByVal FileNumber As Integer) ' -or- Public Overloads Sub Lock(_ ByVal FileNumber As Integer, _ ByVal Record As Long _ ) ' -or- Public Overloads Sub Unlock( _ ByVal FileNumber As Integer, _ ByVal Record As Long _ ) ' -or- Public Overloads Sub Lock( _ ByVal FileNumber As Integer, _ ByVal FromRecord As Long, _ ByVal ToRecord As Long _ ) ' -or- Public Overloads Sub Unlock( _ ByVal FileNumber As Integer, _ ByVal FromRecord As Long, _ ByVal ToRecord As Long _ )
Required. Any valid file number.
Optional. Number of the only record or byte to lock or unlock
Optional. Number of the first record or byte to lock or unlock.
Optional. Number of the last record or byte to lock or unlock.
|Exception type||Error number||Condition|
FileNumber does not exist.
File mode is invalid.
See the "Error number" column if you are upgrading Visual Basic 6.0 applications that use unstructured error handling. (You can compare the error number against the Number Property (Err Object).) However, when possible, you should consider replacing such error control with Structured Exception Handling Overview for Visual Basic.
The Lock and Unlock functions are used in environments where several processes might need access to the same file.
Lock and Unlock functions are always used in pairs. The arguments to Lock and Unlock must match exactly.
If Record, or FromRecord and ToRecord are not supplied, the lock will be for the entire file. If Record alone is specified the single record will be locked/unlocked.
If the file has been opened for sequential input or output, Lock and Unlock affect the entire file, regardless of the range specified by FromRecord and ToRecord.
This example illustrates the use of the Lock and Unlock functions. This example assumes that People.txt is a file containing records of the structure Person.
Structure Person Dim Name As String Dim ID As Integer End Structure Sub PutInLockedFile(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal onePerson As Person) Try FileOpen(1, "c:\people.txt", OpenMode.Binary) Lock(1) FilePut(index, onePerson) Unlock(1) FileClose(1) Catch ' Error recovery code here. End Try End Sub
Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)