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Convert.ToSingle Method (String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent single-precision floating-point number, using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static float ToSingle(
	string value,
	IFormatProvider provider
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.String
A string that contains the number to convert.
provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider
An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Return Value

Type: System.Single
A single-precision floating-point number that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

ExceptionCondition
FormatException

value is not a number in a valid format.

OverflowException

value represents a number that is less than Single.MinValue or greater than Single.MaxValue.

The return value is the result of invoking the Single.Parse method on value.

provider is an IFormatProvider instance that obtains a NumberFormatInfo object. The NumberFormatInfo object provides culture-specific information about the format of value. If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo for the current culture is used.

If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the Single.TryParse method instead. It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

The following example uses IFormatProvider objects that represent the en-US and fr-FR cultures when it converts the elements in an array of numeric strings to Single values.


using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] values = { "123456789", "12345.6789", "12 345,6789",
                          "123,456.789", "123 456,789", "123,456,789.0123",
                          "123 456 789,0123", "1.235e12", "1.03221e-05", 
                          Double.MaxValue.ToString() };
      CultureInfo[] cultures = { new CultureInfo("en-US"),
                                 new CultureInfo("fr-FR") }; 

      foreach (CultureInfo culture in cultures)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("String -> Single Conversion Using the {0} Culture",
                           culture.Name);
         foreach (string value in values)
         {
            Console.Write("{0,22}  ->  ", value);
            try {
               Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToSingle(value, culture));
            }
            catch (FormatException) {
               Console.WriteLine("FormatException");
            }
            catch (OverflowException) {
               Console.WriteLine("OverflowException");
            }
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }                     
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    String -> Single Conversion Using the en-US Culture
//                 123456789  ->  1.234568E+08
//                12345.6789  ->  12345.68
//               12 345,6789  ->  FormatException
//               123,456.789  ->  123456.8
//               123 456,789  ->  FormatException
//          123,456,789.0123  ->  1.234568E+08
//          123 456 789,0123  ->  FormatException
//                  1.235e12  ->  1.235E+12
//               1.03221e-05  ->  1.03221E-05
//     1.79769313486232E+308  ->  Overflow
//    
//    String -> Single Conversion Using the fr-FR Culture
//                 123456789  ->  1.234568E+08
//                12345.6789  ->  FormatException
//               12 345,6789  ->  12345.68
//               123,456.789  ->  FormatException
//               123 456,789  ->  123456.8
//          123,456,789.0123  ->  FormatException
//          123 456 789,0123  ->  1.234568E+08
//                  1.235e12  ->  FormatException
//               1.03221e-05  ->  FormatException
//     1.79769313486232E+308  ->  FormatException


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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