Represents an 8-bit unsigned integer.
Assemblies: System.Runtime (in System.Runtime.dll)
mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
Thetype exposes the following members.
|CompareTo(Byte)||Compares this instance to a specified 8-bit unsigned integer and returns an indication of their relative values.|
|CompareTo(Object)||Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an indication of their relative values.|
|Equals(Byte)||Returns a value indicating whether this instance and a specified object represent the same value.|
|Equals(Object)||Returns a value indicating whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Overrides ValueType.Equals(Object).)|
|GetHashCode||Returns the hash code for this instance. (Overrides ValueType.GetHashCode().)|
|GetType||Gets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)|
|GetTypeCode||Returns the TypeCode for value type .|
|Parse(String)||Converts the string representation of a number to its equivalent.|
|Parse(String, NumberStyles)||Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style to its equivalent.|
|Parse(String, IFormatProvider)||Converts the string representation of a number in a specified culture-specific format to its equivalent.|
|Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)||Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its equivalent.|
|ToString()||Converts the value of the current object to its equivalent string representation. (Overrides ValueType.ToString().)|
|ToString(IFormatProvider)||Converts the numeric value of the current object to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific formatting information.|
|ToString(String)||Converts the value of the current object to its equivalent string representation using the specified format.|
|ToString(String, IFormatProvider)||Converts the value of the current object to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific formatting information.|
|TryParse(String, Byte)||Tries to convert the string representation of a number to its equivalent, and returns a value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded.|
|TryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, Byte)||Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its equivalent. A return value indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.|
|IComparable.CompareTo||Compares the current instance with another object of the same type and returns an integer that indicates whether the current instance precedes, follows, or occurs in the same position in the sort order as the other object.|
|IConvertible.ToBoolean||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToBoolean.|
|IConvertible.ToByte||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToByte.|
|IConvertible.ToChar||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToChar.|
|IConvertible.ToDateTime||Infrastructure. This conversion is not supported. Attempting to use this method throws an InvalidCastException.|
|IConvertible.ToDecimal||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToDecimal.|
|IConvertible.ToDouble||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToDouble.|
|IConvertible.ToInt16||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt16.|
|IConvertible.ToInt32||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt32.|
|IConvertible.ToInt64||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt64.|
|IConvertible.ToSByte||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToSByte.|
|IConvertible.ToSingle||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToSingle.|
|IConvertible.ToType||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToType.|
|IConvertible.ToUInt16||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt16.|
|IConvertible.ToUInt32||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt32.|
|IConvertible.ToUInt64||Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt64.|
is an immutable value type that represents unsigned integers with values that range from 0 (which is represented by the Byte.MinValue constant) to 255 (which is represented by the Byte.MaxValue constant). The .NET Framework also includes a signed 8-bit integer value type, SByte, which represents values that range from -128 to 127.
Instantiating a Byte Value
You can instantiate a value in several ways:
You can declare a variable and assign it a literal integer value that is within the range of the data type. The following example declares two variables and assigns them values in this way.
You can assign a non-byte numeric value to a byte. This is a narrowing conversion, so it requires a cast operator in C# and a conversion method in Visual Basic if Option Strict is on. If the non-byte value is a Single, Double, or Decimal value that includes a fractional component, the handling of its fractional part depends on the compiler performing the conversion. The following example assigns several numeric values to variables.
You can call a method of the Convert class to convert any supported type to a value. This is possible because supports the IConvertible interface. The following example illustrates the conversion of an array of Int32 values to values.
You can call the Parse or TryParse method to convert the string representation of a value to a . The string can contain either decimal or hexadecimal digits. The following example illustrates the parse operation by using both a decimal and a hexadecimal string.
Performing Operations on Byte Values
The type supports standard mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, subtraction, negation, and unary negation. Like the other integral types, the type also supports the bitwise AND, OR, XOR, left shift, and right shift operators.
You can also call the members of the Math class to perform a wide range of numeric operations, including getting the absolute value of a number, calculating the quotient and remainder from integral division, determining the maximum or minimum value of two integers, getting the sign of a number, and rounding a number.
Representing a Byte as a String
The type provides full support for standard and custom numeric format strings. (For more information, see Formatting Types in the .NET Framework, Standard Numeric Format Strings, and Custom Numeric Format Strings.) However, most commonly, byte values are represented as one-digit to three-digit values without any additional formatting, or as two-digit hexadecimal values.
To format a value as an integral string with no leading zeros, you can call the parameterless ToString() method. By using the "D" format specifier, you can also include a specified number of leading zeros in the string representation. By using the "X" format specifier, you can represent a value as a hexadecimal string. The following example formats the elements in an array of values in these three ways.
You can also format a value as a binary, octal, decimal, or hexadecimal string by calling the ToString(Byte, Int32) method and supplying the base as the method's second parameter. The following example calls this method to display the binary, octal, and hexadecimal representations of an array of byte values.
Working with Non-Decimal Byte Values
In addition to working with individual bytes as decimal values, you may want to perform bitwise operations with byte values, or work with byte arrays or with the binary or hexadecimal representations of byte values. For example, overloads of the BitConverter.GetBytes method can convert each of the primitive data types to a byte array, and the BigInteger.ToByteArray method converts a BigInteger value to a byte array.
values are represented in 8 bits by their magnitude only, without a sign bit. This is important to keep in mind when you perform bitwise operations on values or when you work with individual bits. In order to perform a numeric, Boolean, or comparison operation on any two non-decimal values, both values must use the same representation.
When an operation is performed on two values, the values share the same representation, so the result is accurate. This is illustrated in the following example, which masks the lowest-order bit of a value to ensure that it is even.
On the other hand, when you work with both unsigned and signed bits, bitwise operations are complicated by the fact that the SByte values use sign-and-magnitude representation for positive values, and two's complement representation for negative values. In order to perform a meaningful bitwise operation, the values must be converted to two equivalent representations, and information about the sign bit must be preserved. The following example does this to mask out bits 2 and 4 of an array of 8-bit signed and unsigned values.
.NET FrameworkSupported in: 4.5.3, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0
.NET Framework Client ProfileSupported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
Portable Class LibrarySupported in: Portable Class Library
.NET for Windows Store appsSupported in: Windows 8
Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1
Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1
Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)
The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
All members of this type are thread safe. Members that appear to modify instance state actually return a new instance initialized with the new value. As with any other type, reading and writing to a shared variable that contains an instance of this type must be protected by a lock to guarantee thread safety.