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mbtowc, _mbtowc_l

Convert a multibyte character to a corresponding wide character.

int mbtowc(
   wchar_t *wchar,
   const char *mbchar,
   size_t count 
);
int _mbtowc_l(
   wchar_t *wchar,
   const char *mbchar,
   size_t count,
   _locale_t locale
);

wchar

Address of a wide character (type wchar_t).

mbchar

Address of a sequence of bytes (a multibyte character).

count

Number of bytes to check.

locale

The locale to use.

If mbchar is not NULL and if the object that mbchar points to forms a valid multibyte character, mbtowc returns the length in bytes of the multibyte character. If mbchar is NULL or the object that it points to is a wide-character null character (L'\0'), the function returns 0. If the object that mbchar points to does not form a valid multibyte character within the first count characters, it returns –1.

The mbtowc function converts count or fewer bytes pointed to by mbchar, if mbchar is not NULL, to a corresponding wide character. mbtowc stores the resulting wide character at wchar, if wchar is not NULL. mbtowc does not examine more than MB_CUR_MAX bytes. mbtowc uses the current locale for locale-dependent behavior; _mbtowc_l is identical except that it uses the locale passed in instead. For more information, see Locale.

Routine

Required header

mbtowc

<stdlib.h>

_mbtowc_l

<stdlib.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

All versions of the C run-time libraries.

// crt_mbtowc.c
/* Illustrates the behavior of the mbtowc function
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main( void )
{
    int      i;
    char    *pmbc    = (char *)malloc( sizeof( char ) );
    wchar_t  wc      = L'a';
    wchar_t *pwcnull = NULL;
    wchar_t *pwc     = (wchar_t *)malloc( sizeof( wchar_t ) );
    printf( "Convert a wide character to multibyte character:\n" );
    wctomb_s( &i, pmbc, sizeof(char), wc );
    printf( "  Characters converted: %u\n", i );
    printf( "  Multibyte character: %x\n\n", *pmbc );

    printf( "Convert multibyte character back to a wide "
            "character:\n" );
    i = mbtowc( pwc, pmbc, MB_CUR_MAX );
    printf( "  Bytes converted: %u\n", i );
    printf( "  Wide character: %x\n\n", *pwc );
    printf( "Attempt to convert when target is NULL\n" );
    printf( "  returns the length of the multibyte character:\n" );
    i = mbtowc( pwcnull, pmbc, MB_CUR_MAX );
    printf( "  Length of multibyte character: %u\n\n", i );

    printf( "Attempt to convert a NULL pointer to a" );
    printf( " wide character:\n" );
    pmbc = NULL;
    i = mbtowc( pwc, pmbc, MB_CUR_MAX );
    printf( "  Bytes converted: %u\n", i );
}

Convert a wide character to multibyte character:
  Characters converted: 1
  Multibyte character: 61

Convert multibyte character back to a wide character:
  Bytes converted: 1
  Wide character: 61

Attempt to convert when target is NULL
  returns the length of the multibyte character:
  Length of multibyte character: 1

Attempt to convert a NULL pointer to a wide character:
  Bytes converted: 0

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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