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StreamReader Constructor (String, Encoding)

Initializes a new instance of the StreamReader class for the specified file name, with the specified character encoding.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public:
StreamReader(
	String^ path, 
	Encoding^ encoding
)

Parameters

path
Type: System::String

The complete file path to be read.

encoding
Type: System.Text::Encoding

The character encoding to use.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

path is an empty string ("").

ArgumentNullException

path or encoding is nullptr.

FileNotFoundException

The file cannot be found.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

NotSupportedException

path includes an incorrect or invalid syntax for file name, directory name, or volume label.

This constructor initializes the encoding as specified by the encoding parameter, and the internal buffer size to 1024 bytes. The StreamReader object attempts to detect the encoding by looking at the first three bytes of the stream. It automatically recognizes UTF-8, little-endian Unicode, and big-endian Unicode text if the file starts with the appropriate byte order marks. Otherwise, the user-provided encoding is used. See the Encoding::GetPreamble method for more information.

The path parameter can be a file name, including a file on a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) share.

The path parameter is not required to be a file stored on disk; it can be any part of a system that supports access using streams.

Caution noteCaution

When you compile a set of characters with a particular cultural setting and retrieve those same characters with a different cultural setting, the characters might not be interpretable, and could cause an exception to be thrown.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following code example demonstrates this StreamReader constructor.

   void getNewStreamReader()
   {

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a 
      //file using a buffer and byte order mark detection
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromFileFalse512 = gcnew StreamReader(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt",System::Text::Encoding::ASCII,false,512 );

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a 
      //file with byte order mark detection = false
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromFileFalse = gcnew StreamReader(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt",System::Text::Encoding::ASCII,false );

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a file 
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromFile = gcnew StreamReader(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt",System::Text::Encoding::ASCII );

      //Get a new StreamReader from a 
      //file with byte order mark detection = false
      StreamReader^ srFromFileFalse = gcnew StreamReader(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt",false );

      //Get a new StreamReader from a file
      StreamReader^ srFromFile = gcnew StreamReader(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" );

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a 
      //FileStream with byte order mark detection = false and a buffer
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromStreamFalse512 = gcnew StreamReader( File::OpenRead(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" ),System::Text::Encoding::ASCII,false,512 );

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a 
      //FileStream with byte order mark detection = false
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromStreamFalse = gcnew StreamReader( File::OpenRead(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" ),System::Text::Encoding::ASCII,false );

      //Get a new StreamReader in ASCII format from a FileStream
      StreamReader^ srAsciiFromStream = gcnew StreamReader( File::OpenRead(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" ),System::Text::Encoding::ASCII );

      //Get a new StreamReader from a 
      //FileStream with byte order mark detection = false
      StreamReader^ srFromStreamFalse = gcnew StreamReader( File::OpenRead(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" ),false );

      //Get a new StreamReader from a FileStream
      StreamReader^ srFromStream = gcnew StreamReader( File::OpenRead(  "C:\\Temp\\Test.txt" ) );
   }

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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