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ConfigurationSectionCollection Class

Represents a collection of related sections within a configuration file.

System.Object
  System.Collections.Specialized.NameObjectCollectionBase
    System.Configuration.ConfigurationSectionCollection

Namespace:  System.Configuration
Assembly:  System.Configuration (in System.Configuration.dll)
[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class ConfigurationSectionCollection : NameObjectCollectionBase

The ConfigurationSectionCollection type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyCountGets the number of sections in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object. (Overrides NameObjectCollectionBase.Count.)
Public propertyItem[Int32]Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object.
Public propertyItem[String]Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object.
Public propertyKeysGets the keys to all ConfigurationSection objects contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object. (Overrides NameObjectCollectionBase.Keys.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodAddAdds a ConfigurationSection object to the ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodClearClears this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodCopyToCopies this ConfigurationSectionCollection object to an array.
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGet(Int32)Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodGet(String)Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodGetEnumeratorGets an enumerator that can iterate through this ConfigurationSectionCollection object. (Overrides NameObjectCollectionBase.GetEnumerator().)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetKeyGets the key of the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodGetObjectDataUsed by the system during serialization. (Overrides NameObjectCollectionBase.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodOnDeserializationImplements the ISerializable interface and raises the deserialization event when the deserialization is complete. (Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)
Public methodRemoveRemoves the specified ConfigurationSection object from this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodRemoveAtRemoves the specified ConfigurationSection object from this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodICollection.CopyToCopies the entire NameObjectCollectionBase to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array. (Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyICollection.IsSynchronizedGets a value indicating whether access to the NameObjectCollectionBase object is synchronized (thread safe). (Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyICollection.SyncRootGets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the NameObjectCollectionBase object. (Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)
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Use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class to iterate through a collection of ConfigurationSection objects. You can access this collection of objects using the Sections property or the Sections property.

The ConfigurationSectionCollection class is also used in the creation of custom types that extend the ConfigurationSection class.

The following code example shows how to use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class.

using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;

namespace Samples.AspNet.Configuration
{


    // Define a custom section programmatically. 
    public sealed class CustomSection :
        ConfigurationSection
    {
        // The collection (property bag) that contains  
        // the section properties. 
        private static ConfigurationPropertyCollection _Properties;


        // The FileName property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _FileName =
            new ConfigurationProperty("fileName",
            typeof(string), "default.txt",
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // The MasUsers property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxUsers =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxUsers",
            typeof(long), (long)1000,
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.None);

        // The MaxIdleTime property. 
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxIdleTime =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxIdleTime",
            typeof(TimeSpan), TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5),
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // CustomSection constructor. 
        public CustomSection()
        {
            // Property initialization
            _Properties =
                new ConfigurationPropertyCollection();

            _Properties.Add(_FileName);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxUsers);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxIdleTime);
        }


        // This is a key customization.  
        // It returns the initialized property bag. 
        protected override ConfigurationPropertyCollection Properties
        {
            get
            {
                return _Properties;
            }
        }



        [StringValidator(InvalidCharacters = " ~!@#$%^&*()[]{}/;'\"|\\",
            MinLength = 1, MaxLength = 60)]
        public string FileName
        {
            get
            {
                return (string)this["fileName"];
            }
            set
            {

                this["fileName"] = value;
            }
        }

        [LongValidator(MinValue = 1, MaxValue = 1000000,
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public long MaxUsers
        {
            get
            {
                return (long)this["maxUsers"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxUsers"] = value;
            }
        }

        [TimeSpanValidator(MinValueString = "0:0:30",
            MaxValueString = "5:00:0",
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public TimeSpan MaxIdleTime
        {
            get
            {
                return (TimeSpan)this["maxIdleTime"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxIdleTime"] = value;
            }
        }


    }


    class UsingCustomSectionCollection
    {

        // Create a custom section. 
        static void CreateSection()
        {
            try
            {

                CustomSection customSection;

                // Get the current configuration file.
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                        ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                        ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                // Create the section entry   
                // in the <configSections> and the  
                // related target section in <configuration>. 
                if (config.Sections["CustomSection"] == null)
                {
                    customSection = new CustomSection();
                    config.Sections.Add("CustomSection", customSection);
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }

        }

        static void GetAllKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Clear()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                config.Sections.Clear();

                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetSection()
        {

            try
            {
                CustomSection customSection =
                    ConfigurationManager.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;

                if (customSection == null)
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Failed to load CustomSection.");
                else
                {
                    // Display section information
                    Console.WriteLine("Defaults:");
                    Console.WriteLine("File Name:       {0}",
                        customSection.FileName);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Users:       {0}",
                        customSection.MaxUsers);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Idle Time:   {0}",
                        customSection.MaxIdleTime);

                }

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }

        static void GetEnumerator()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                IEnumerator secEnum =
                    sections.GetEnumerator();

                int i = 0;
                while (secEnum.MoveNext())
                {
                    string setionName = sections.GetKey(i);
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Section name: {0}", setionName);
                    i += 1;
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {


                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetItems()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                ConfigurationSection section1 =
                    sections["runtime"];

                ConfigurationSection section2 =
                    sections[0];

                Console.WriteLine(
                     "Section1: {0}", section1.SectionInformation.Name);

                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Section2: {0}", section2.SectionInformation.Name);

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Remove()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    config.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;


                if (customSection != null)
                {
                    config.Sections.Remove("CustomSection");
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
                else
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "CustomSection does not exists.");

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void AddSection()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    new CustomSection();


                string index =
                    config.Sections.Count.ToString();

                customSection.FileName =
                    "newFile" + index + ".txt";

                string sectionName = "CustomSection" + index;

                TimeSpan ts = new TimeSpan(0, 15, 0);
                customSection.MaxIdleTime = ts;
                customSection.MaxUsers = 100;

                config.Sections.Add(sectionName, customSection);
                customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        // Exercise the collection. 
        // Uncomment the function you want to exercise. 
        // Start with CreateSection(). 
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            CreateSection();
            // AddSection(); 
            // GetSection(); 
            // GetEnumerator(); 
            // GetAllKeys(); 
            // GetKeys(); 
            // GetItems(); 

            // Remove(); 
            // Clear();
        }


    }
}

The following example is an excerpt of the configuration file used by the previous example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>

    <section name="CustomSection" 
      type="Samples.AspNet.Configuration.CustomSection, ConfigurationSectionCollection, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" allowDefinition="Everywhere" allowExeDefinition="MachineToApplication" restartOnExternalChanges="true" />

  </configSections>

  <CustomSection fileName="default.txt" maxUsers="1000" 
    maxIdleTime="00:05:00" />

</configuration>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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