XmlRootAttribute Class

Controls XML serialization of the attribute target as an XML root element.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class|AttributeTargets.Struct|AttributeTargets.Enum|AttributeTargets.Interface|AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class XmlRootAttribute : Attribute

The XmlRootAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsXmlRootAttribute()Initializes a new instance of the XmlRootAttribute class.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsXmlRootAttribute(String)Initializes a new instance of the XmlRootAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML root element.
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  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsDataTypeGets or sets the XSD data type of the XML root element.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsElementNameGets or sets the name of the XML element that is generated and recognized by the XmlSerializer class's Serialize and Deserialize methods, respectively.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsIsNullableGets or sets a value that indicates whether the XmlSerializer must serialize a member that is set to null into the xsi:nil attribute set to true.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkIsNullableSpecifiedGets whether the xsi:nil attribute has been set to true.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsNamespaceGets or sets the namespace for the XML root element.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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The XmlRootAttribute belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes or deserializes an object. For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control XML Serialization.

You can apply the XmlRootAttribute to a class, structure, enumeration, or interface. You can also apply the attribute to the return value of an XML Web service method.

Every XML document must have a single root element that contains all the other elements. The XmlRootAttribute allows you to control how the XmlSerializer generates the root element by setting certain properties. For example, specify the name of the generated XML element by setting the ElementName property.

For more information about using attributes, see Extending Metadata Using Attributes.

NoteNote

You can use the word XmlRoot in your code instead of the longer XmlRootAttribute.

The following example applies the XmlRootAttribute to a class. The attribute specifies the element name, namespace, and whether the element is qualified, and whether the xsi:nil attribute is generated if the class is set to null.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

[XmlRoot(Namespace = "www.contoso.com", 
     ElementName = "MyGroupName", 
     DataType = "string", 
     IsNullable=true)]
public class Group
{
    private string groupNameValue;
    // Insert code for the Group class. 
    public Group()
    {
    }

    public Group(string groupNameVal)
    {
        groupNameValue = groupNameVal;
    }

    public string GroupName
    {
        get{return groupNameValue;}
        set{groupNameValue = value;}
    }
}
public class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Test t = new Test();
        t.SerializeGroup();
    }

    private void SerializeGroup()
    {
        // Create an instance of the Group class, and an 
        // instance of the XmlSerializer to serialize it.
        Group myGroup = new Group("Redmond");
        XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
        // A FileStream is used to write the file.
        FileStream fs = new FileStream("group.xml",FileMode.Create);
        ser.Serialize(fs,myGroup);
        fs.Close();
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupName);
        Console.WriteLine("Done");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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