XmlArrayItemAttribute.DataType Property

Gets or sets the XML data type of the generated XML element.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assemblies:   System.Xml.XmlSerializer (in System.Xml.XmlSerializer.dll)
  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public string DataType { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.String
An XML schema definition (XSD) data type, as defined by the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document "XML Schema Part 2: DataTypes".

The following table lists the XML Schema simple data types with their .NET equivalents.

For the XML Schema base64Binary and hexBinary data types, use an array of Byte objects, and apply an XmlArrayItemAttribute with the DataType property set to "base64Binary" or "hexBinary", as appropriate. For the XML Schema time and date data types, use the DateTime type and apply the XmlArrayItemAttribute with the DataType set to "date" or "time".

For every XML Schema type that is mapped to a string, apply the XmlArrayItemAttribute with its DataType property set to the XML Schema type. However, this does not change the serialization format, only the schema for the member.

NoteNote

The property is case-sensitive, so you must set it exactly to one of the XML Schema data types.

NoteNote

Passing binary data as an XML element is more efficient then passing it as an XML attribute.

For more information about XML Schema data types, see the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes."

XSD data type

.NET data type

anyURI

String

base64Binary

Array of Byte objects

boolean

Boolean

byte

SByte

date

DateTime

dateTime

DateTime

decimal

Decimal

double

Double

ENTITY

String

ENTITIES

String

float

Single

gDay

String

gMonth

String

gMonthDay

String

gYear

String

gYearMonth

String

hexBinary

Array of Byte objects

ID

String

IDREF

String

IDREFS

String

int

Int32

integer

String

language

String

long

Int64

Name

String

NCName

String

negativeInteger

String

NMTOKEN

String

NMTOKENS

String

normalizedString

String

nonNegativeInteger

String

nonPositiveInteger

String

NOTATION

String

positiveInteger

String

QName

XmlQualifiedName

duration

String

string

String

short

Int16

time

DateTime

token

String

unsignedByte

Byte

unsignedInt

UInt32

unsignedLong

UInt64

unsignedShort

UInt16

The following example serializes a class named PurchaseOrder. Several instances of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class are applied to three members, and the DataType property for each instance is set to a type allowed in the array.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Schema;
public class PurchaseOrder
{
   [XmlArrayItem(DataType = "gMonth", 
   ElementName="MyMonths",
   Namespace = "http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   public string[] Months;

   [XmlArrayItem(typeof(Item)), XmlArrayItem(typeof(NewItem))]
   public Item[] Items;

   [XmlArray(IsNullable = true)]
   [XmlArrayItem(typeof(string)), 
   XmlArrayItem(typeof(double)), 
   XmlArrayItem(typeof(NewItem))]
   public object[] Things;
   }

public class Item{
   public string ItemID;
   public Item(){}
   public Item(string id){
   	ItemID = id;
   }
}
public class NewItem:Item{
   public string Category;
   public NewItem(){}
   public NewItem(string id, string cat){
   	this.ItemID = id;
   	Category = cat;
   	}
}

public class Test
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Read and write purchase orders.
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeObject("ArrayItemEx.xml");
      t.DeserializeObject("ArrayItemEx.xml");
   } 

   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class; 
      // specify the type of object to serialize.
      XmlSerializer serializer = 
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(PurchaseOrder));
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
      // Create a PurchaseOrder and set its properties.
      PurchaseOrder po=new PurchaseOrder();
      po.Months = new string[]{ "March", "May", "August"};
      po.Items= new Item[]{new Item("a1"), new NewItem("b1", "book")};
      po.Things= new object[] {"String", 2003.31, new NewItem("Item100", "book")};

      // Serialize the purchase order, and close the TextWriter.
      serializer.Serialize(writer, po);
      writer.Close();
   }

   protected void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class; 
      // specify the type of object to be deserialized.
      XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(PurchaseOrder));

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
      // Declare an object variable of the type to be deserialized.
      PurchaseOrder po;
      /* Use the Deserialize method to restore the object's state with
      data from the XML document. */
      po = (PurchaseOrder) serializer.Deserialize(fs);
      foreach(string s in po.Months)
      	  Console.WriteLine(s);
      foreach(Item i in po.Items)
         Console.WriteLine(i.ItemID);
      foreach(object thing in po.Things)
         Console.WriteLine(thing); 
   } 
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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