SoapTypeAttribute Class

Controls the schema generated by the XmlSerializer when a class instance is serialized as SOAP encoded XML.

System::Object
  System::Attribute
    System.Xml.Serialization::SoapTypeAttribute

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets::Class|AttributeTargets::Struct|AttributeTargets::Enum|AttributeTargets::Interface)]
public ref class SoapTypeAttribute : public Attribute

The SoapTypeAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSoapTypeAttribute()Initializes a new instance of the SoapTypeAttribute class.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSoapTypeAttribute(String)Initializes a new instance of the SoapTypeAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML type.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSoapTypeAttribute(String, String)Initializes a new instance of the SoapTypeAttribute class and specifies the name and XML namespace of the type.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyIncludeInSchemaGets or sets a value that indicates whether to include the type in SOAP-encoded XML Schema documents.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNamespaceGets or sets the namespace of the XML type.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkTypeNameGets or sets the name of the XML type.
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute::GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute::GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute::GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute::InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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The SoapTypeAttribute class belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes or deserializes an object as encoded SOAP XML. The resulting XML conforms to section 5 of the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document, "Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) 1.1". For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control Encoded SOAP Serialization.

To serialize an object as an encoded SOAP message, construct the XmlSerializer using an XmlTypeMapping created with the ImportTypeMapping method of the SoapReflectionImporter class.

The SoapTypeAttribute can only be applied to class declarations.

The IncludeInSchema property determines whether the resulting XML element type is included in the XML Schema document (.xsd) for the generated XML stream. To see the schema, compile the class into a DLL file. Pass the resulting file as an argument to the XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe). The tool generates the XML Schema for the XML stream generated when the class is serialized by an instance of the XmlSerializer class.

Setting a different namespace causes Xsd.exe to write a different schema (.xsd) file for the XML stream generated when the class is serialized.

The following example serializes a class named Group. The SoapTypeAttribute is applied to the class, with the TypeName set to "SoapGroupType". The SoapTypeAttribute is also overridden, changing the TypeName to "Team". Both versions are serialized, resulting in two files: SoapType.xml and SoapType2.xml.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

[SoapType("EmployeeType")]
public ref class Employee
{
public:
   String^ Name;
};


// The SoapType is overridden when the 
// SerializeOverride  method is called.

[SoapType("SoapGroupType","http://www.cohowinery.com")]
public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;
   array<Employee^>^Employees;
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   void SerializeOriginal( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that 
      // can be used for serializing as a SOAP message.
      XmlTypeMapping^ mapp = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( mapp );

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter^ xmlWriter = gcnew XmlTextWriter( writer );
      xmlWriter->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      xmlWriter->Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the Object* properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee^ e1 = gcnew Employee;
      e1->Name = "Pat";
      myGroup->Employees = gcnew array<Employee^>(1);
      myGroup->Employees[ 0 ] = e1;

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter->WriteStartElement( "root" );

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer->Serialize( xmlWriter, myGroup );

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter->WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter->Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeOverride( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that 
      // uses a SoapAttributeOverrides Object*.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter^ xmlWriter = gcnew XmlTextWriter( writer );
      xmlWriter->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      xmlWriter->Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the Object* properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee^ e1 = gcnew Employee;
      e1->Name = "Pat";
      myGroup->Employees = gcnew array<Employee^>(1);
      myGroup->Employees[ 0 ] = e1;

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter->WriteStartElement( "root" );

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer->Serialize( xmlWriter, myGroup );

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter->WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter->Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires a TextReader.
      TextReader^ reader = gcnew StreamReader( filename );

      // Create an XML text reader.
      XmlTextReader^ xmlReader = gcnew XmlTextReader( reader );
      xmlReader->ReadStartElement();

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( xmlReader ));
      xmlReader->ReadEndElement();
      Console::WriteLine( "The GroupName is {0}", myGroup->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( "Look at the SoapType.xml and SoapType2.xml " 
      "files for the generated XML." );

      // Close the readers.
      xmlReader->Close();
      reader->Close();
   }

private:
   XmlSerializer^ CreateOverrideSerializer()
   {
      // Create and return an XmlSerializer instance used to 
      //  and create SOAP messages.
      SoapAttributeOverrides^ mySoapAttributeOverrides = gcnew SoapAttributeOverrides;
      SoapAttributes^ soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;

      // Override the SoapTypeAttribute.
      SoapTypeAttribute^ soapType = gcnew SoapTypeAttribute;
      soapType->TypeName = "Team";
      soapType->IncludeInSchema = false;
      soapType->Namespace = "http://www.microsoft.com";
      soapAtts->SoapType = soapType;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( Group::typeid, soapAtts );

      // Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance  
      // of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer Object*.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter( mySoapAttributeOverrides ))->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
      return ser;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run^ test = gcnew Run;
   test->SerializeOriginal( "SoapType.xml" );
   test->SerializeOverride( "SoapType2.xml" );
   test->DeserializeObject( "SoapType2.xml" );
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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