XContainer.Element Method

Gets the first (in document order) child element with the specified XName.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Linq
Assembly:  System.Xml.Linq (in System.Xml.Linq.dll)

public XElement Element(
	XName name
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.Xml.Linq.XName
The XName to match.

Return Value

Type: System.Xml.Linq.XElement
A XElement that matches the specified XName, or null.

Returns null if there is no element with the specified name.

Some axis methods return collections of elements or attributes. This method returns only a single element.

This method returns null if the element with the specified name is not found. All of the methods that allow you to construct elements (the constructor of XElement, Add, and so on) accept null as a valid argument. This allows you to use a convenient idiom: you can call this method as part of functional construction, and the element is added to the XML tree being constructed if and only if the element exists in the source tree. The following example shows this idiom.

In contrast to Elements, this method is not an axis method. It does not use deferred execution; it simply returns an element when called.

The following example shows two uses of this method. In one case, the method finds the element in srcTree. In the second case, the method does not find the element in the source tree, no element is added to xmlTree, and no exception is thrown.

Note that the Visual Basic example uses the child XML property. It is also allowable to use the Element method directly in Visual Basic.

XElement srcTree = new XElement("Root",
    new XElement("Element1", 1),
    new XElement("Element2", 2),
    new XElement("Element3", 3),
    new XElement("Element4", 4),
    new XElement("Element5", 5)
);
XElement xmlTree = new XElement("Root",
    new XElement("Child1", 1),
    new XElement("Child2", 2),
    new XElement("Child3", 3),
    new XElement("Child4", 4),
    new XElement("Child5", 5),
    srcTree.Element("Element3"),
    // Even though Element9 does not exist in srcTree, the following line
    // will not throw an exception.
    srcTree.Element("Element9")
);
Console.WriteLine(xmlTree);

This example produces the following output:

<Root>
  <Child1>1</Child1>
  <Child2>2</Child2>
  <Child3>3</Child3>
  <Child4>4</Child4>
  <Child5>5</Child5>
  <Element3>3</Element3>
</Root>

The following is the same example, but in this case the XML is in a namespace. For more information, see Working with XML Namespaces.

XNamespace aw = "http://www.adventure-works.com";
XElement srcTree = new XElement(aw + "Root",
    new XAttribute(XNamespace.Xmlns + "aw", "http://www.adventure-works.com"),
    new XElement(aw + "Element1", 1),
    new XElement(aw + "Element2", 2),
    new XElement(aw + "Element3", 3),
    new XElement(aw + "Element4", 4),
    new XElement(aw + "Element5", 5)
);
XElement xmlTree = new XElement(aw + "Root",
    new XAttribute(XNamespace.Xmlns + "aw", "http://www.adventure-works.com"),
    new XElement(aw + "Child1", 1),
    new XElement(aw + "Child2", 2),
    new XElement(aw + "Child3", 3),
    new XElement(aw + "Child4", 4),
    new XElement(aw + "Child5", 5),
    srcTree.Element(aw + "Element3"),
    // Even though Element9 does not exist in srcTree, the following line
    // will not throw an exception.
    srcTree.Element(aw + "Element9")
);
Console.WriteLine(xmlTree);

This example produces the following output:

<aw:Root xmlns:aw="http://www.adventure-works.com">
  <aw:Child1>1</aw:Child1>
  <aw:Child2>2</aw:Child2>
  <aw:Child3>3</aw:Child3>
  <aw:Child4>4</aw:Child4>
  <aw:Child5>5</aw:Child5>
  <aw:Element3>3</aw:Element3>
</aw:Root>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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