BitmapSource Class

Represents a single, constant set of pixels at a certain size and resolution.

System.Object
  System.Windows.Threading.DispatcherObject
    System.Windows.DependencyObject
      System.Windows.Freezable
        System.Windows.Media.Animation.Animatable
          System.Windows.Media.ImageSource
            System.Windows.Media.Imaging.BitmapSource
              More...

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media.Imaging
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

[LocalizabilityAttribute(LocalizationCategory.None, Readability = Readability.Unreadable)]
public abstract class BitmapSource : ImageSource

The BitmapSource type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Protected methodBitmapSourceInitializes a new instance of the BitmapSource class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCanFreezeGets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public propertyDependencyObjectTypeGets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLR type of this instance.  (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Public propertyDpiXGets the horizontal dots per inch (dpi) of the image. 
Public propertyDpiYGets the vertical dots per inch (dpi) of the image. 
Public propertyFormatGets the native PixelFormat of the bitmap data.
Public propertyHasAnimatedPropertiesGets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public propertyHeightGets the height of the source bitmap in device-independent units (1/96th inch per unit).  (Overrides ImageSource.Height.)
Public propertyIsDownloadingGets a value that indicates whether the BitmapSource content is currently downloading.
Public propertyIsFrozenGets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public propertyIsSealedGets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only). (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyMetadataGets the metadata that is associated with this bitmap image. (Overrides ImageSource.Metadata.)
Public propertyPaletteGets the color palette of the bitmap, if one is specified.
Public propertyPixelHeightGets the height of the bitmap in pixels.
Public propertyPixelWidthGets the width of the bitmap in pixels.
Public propertyWidthGets the width of the bitmap in device-independent units (1/96th inch per unit).  (Overrides ImageSource.Width.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Protected methodCheckIfSiteOfOriginChecks whether the bitmap source content is from a known site of origin. This method is used to make sure that pixel copying operations are safe.
Public methodClearValue(DependencyProperty)Clears the local value of a property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)Clears the local value of a read-only property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodCloneCreates a modifiable clone of this BitmapSource, making deep copies of this object's values. When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.
Protected methodCloneCoreMakes this instance a deep copy of the specified BitmapSource. When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values. (Overrides Freezable.CloneCore(Freezable).)
Public methodCloneCurrentValueCreates a modifiable clone of this BitmapSource object, making deep copies of this object's current values. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.
Protected methodCloneCurrentValueCoreMakes this instance a modifiable deep copy of the specified BitmapSource using current property values. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are. (Overrides Freezable.CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable).)
Public methodCoerceValueCoerces the value of the specified dependency property. This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodCopyPixels(Array, Int32, Int32)Copies the bitmap pixel data into an array of pixels with the specified stride, starting at the specified offset.
Public methodCopyPixels(Int32Rect, Array, Int32, Int32)Copies the bitmap pixel data within the specified rectangle into an array of pixels that has the specified stride starting at the specified offset.
Public methodCopyPixels(Int32Rect, IntPtr, Int32, Int32)Copies the bitmap pixel data within the specified rectangle
Public methodStatic memberCreate(Int32, Int32, Double, Double, PixelFormat, BitmapPalette, Array, Int32)Creates a new BitmapSource from an array of pixels.
Public methodStatic memberCreate(Int32, Int32, Double, Double, PixelFormat, BitmapPalette, IntPtr, Int32, Int32)Creates a new BitmapSource from an array of pixels that are stored in unmanaged memory.
Protected methodCreateInstanceInitializes a new instance of the Freezable class. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodCreateInstanceCoreWhen implemented in a derived class, creates a new instance of the Freezable derived class. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public methodEqualsDetermines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFreeze()Makes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodFreezeCoreMakes an instance of BitmapSource or a derived class immutable. (Overrides Animatable.FreezeCore(Boolean).)
Public methodGetAnimationBaseValueReturns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodGetAsFrozenCreates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodGetAsFrozenCoreMakes this instance a clone of the specified BitmapSource object. (Overrides Freezable.GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable).)
Public methodGetCurrentValueAsFrozenCreates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodGetCurrentValueAsFrozenCoreMakes this instance a frozen clone of the specified BitmapSource. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are. (Overrides Freezable.GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable).)
Public methodGetHashCodeGets a hash code for this DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetLocalValueEnumeratorCreates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodInvalidatePropertyRe-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodOnChangedCalled when the current Freezable object is modified. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject)Ensures that appropriate context pointers are established for a DependencyObjectType data member that has just been set. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty)This member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnPropertyChangedOverrides the DependencyObject implementation of OnPropertyChanged to also invoke any Changed handlers in response to a changing dependency property of type Freezable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public methodReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodReadPreambleEnsures that the Freezable is being accessed from a valid thread. Inheritors of Freezable must call this method at the beginning of any API that reads data members that are not dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public methodSetCurrentValueSets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodShouldSerializePropertyReturns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodToString() Creates a string representation of this object based on the current culture. (Inherited from ImageSource.)
Public methodToString(IFormatProvider)Creates a string representation of this object based on the IFormatProvider passed in. If the provider is null, the CurrentCulture is used. (Inherited from ImageSource.)
Public methodVerifyAccessEnforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Protected methodWritePostscriptRaises the Changed event for the Freezable and invokes its OnChanged method. Classes that derive from Freezable should call this method at the end of any API that modifies class members that are not stored as dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodWritePreambleVerifies that the Freezable is not frozen and that it is being accessed from a valid threading context. Freezable inheritors should call this method at the beginning of any API that writes to data members that are not dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventChangedOccurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public eventDecodeFailedOccurs when the image fails to load, due to a corrupt image header.
Public eventDownloadCompletedOccurs when the bitmap content has been completely downloaded.
Public eventDownloadFailedOccurs when the bitmap content failed to download.
Public eventDownloadProgressOccurs when the download progress of the bitmap content has changed.
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIFormattable.ToStringFormats the value of the current instance using the specified format. (Inherited from ImageSource.)
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BitmapSource is the basic building block of the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) imaging pipeline, conceptually representing a single, constant set of pixels at a certain size and resolution. A BitmapSource could be a single frame in an image file that a decoder provides, or it could be the result of a transform that operates on a BitmapSource of its own. BitmapSource is not used to represent a multi-frame image or an animation.

Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) natively supports compression and decompression of bitmap (BMP), Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), Joint Photographics Experts Group (JPEG), Portable Network Graphics (PNG), and Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) images.

For bitmap decoding scenarios, BitmapSource uses automatic codec discovery, based on the installed codecs on the user's system.

The maximum height and width of an image is 2^16 pixels at 32 bits per channel * 4 channels. The maximum size of a BitmapSource is 2^32 bytes (64 gigabytes) and the maximum image size is four gigapixels. The minimum image size is 1x1.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a BitmapSource and use it as the source of an Image control.

// Define parameters used to create the BitmapSource.
PixelFormat pf = PixelFormats.Bgr32;
int width = 200;
int height = 200;
int rawStride = (width * pf.BitsPerPixel + 7) / 8;
byte[] rawImage = new byte[rawStride * height];

// Initialize the image with data.
Random value = new Random();
value.NextBytes(rawImage);

// Create a BitmapSource.
BitmapSource bitmap = BitmapSource.Create(width, height,
    96, 96, pf, null,
    rawImage, rawStride);

// Create an image element;
Image myImage = new Image();
myImage.Width = 200;
// Set image source.
myImage.Source = bitmap;

The following code example uses a BitmapSource derived class, BitmapImage, to create a bitmap from an image file and use it as the source of an Image control.

// Create the image element.
Image simpleImage = new Image();    
simpleImage.Width = 200;
simpleImage.Margin = new Thickness(5);

// Create source.
BitmapImage bi = new BitmapImage();
// BitmapImage.UriSource must be in a BeginInit/EndInit block.
bi.BeginInit();
bi.UriSource = new Uri(@"/sampleImages/cherries_larger.jpg",UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute);
bi.EndInit();
// Set the image source.
simpleImage.Source = bi;

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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