Storyboard.TargetName Attached Property

Gets or sets the name of the object to animate. The object must be a FrameworkElement, FrameworkContentElement, or Freezable.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media.Animation
Assembly:  PresentationFramework (in PresentationFramework.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation, http://schemas.microsoft.com/netfx/2007/xaml/presentation

'Declaration
See GetTargetName, SetTargetName
'Usage
See GetTargetName, SetTargetName
<object Storyboard.TargetName="string" .../>

Property Value

Type: System.String
The name of the FrameworkElement, FrameworkContentElement, or Freezable to animate.

Identifier field

TargetNameProperty

Metadata properties set to true

None

Setting this property is optional. If the TargetName is not specified, a storyboard's animations are applied to one of the following:

When this property is set on a timeline with children, those child timelines "inherit" the parent's TargetName unless they specify their own.

Making an Object Targetable

When using XAML, you perform one of the following two actions to make an object targetable by a storyboard:

When using code, you make an object targetable by using the RegisterName method to assign the object a name.

This example shows how to use a Storyboard to animate properties. To animate a property by using a Storyboard, create an animation for each property that you want to animate and also create a Storyboard to contain the animations.

The type of property determines the type of animation to use. For example, to animate a property that takes Double values, use a DoubleAnimation. The TargetName and TargetProperty attached properties specify the object and property to which the animation is applied.

To start a storyboard in Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML), use a BeginStoryboard action and an EventTrigger. The EventTrigger begins the BeginStoryboard action when the event that is specified by its RoutedEvent property occurs. The BeginStoryboard action starts the Storyboard.

The following example uses Storyboard objects to animate two Button controls. To make the first button change in size, its Width is animated. To make the second button change color, the Color property of the SolidColorBrush is used to set the Background of the button that is animated.

<!-- StoryboardExample.xaml
     Uses storyboards to animate properties. -->
<Page
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  WindowTitle="Animate Properties with Storyboards">

  <Border Background="White">
    <StackPanel Margin="30" HorizontalAlignment="Left" MinWidth="500">

      <TextBlock>Storyboard Animation Example</TextBlock>

      <!-- The width of this button is animated. -->
      <Button Name="myWidthAnimatedButton"
        Height="30" Width="200" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
        A Button   
        <Button.Triggers>

          <!-- Animates the width of the first button 
               from 200 to 300. -->         
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>           
                <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="myWidthAnimatedButton"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                  From="200" To="300" Duration="0:0:3" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>

      <!-- The color of the brush used to paint this button is animated. -->
      <Button Height="30" Width="200" 
        HorizontalAlignment="Left">Another Button
        <Button.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush x:Name="myAnimatedBrush" Color="Blue" />
        </Button.Background>
        <Button.Triggers>

        <!-- Animates the color of the brush used to paint 
             the second button from red to blue . -->             
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">    
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>
                <ColorAnimation 
                  Storyboard.TargetName="myAnimatedBrush"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Color"
                  From="Red" To="Blue" Duration="0:0:7" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>
    </StackPanel>
  </Border>
</Page>
NoteNote:

Although animations can target both a FrameworkElement object, such as a Control or Panel, and a Freezable object, such as a Brush or Transform, only framework elements have a Name property. To assign a name to a freezable so that it can be targeted by an animation, use the x:Name Attribute, as the previous example shows.

If you use code, you must create a NameScope for a FrameworkElement and register the names of the objects to animate with that FrameworkElement. To start the animations in code, use a BeginStoryboard action with an EventTrigger. Optionally, you can use an event handler and the Begin method of Storyboard. The following example shows how to use the Begin method.

Imports System
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation

Namespace SDKSample


    ' Uses a storyboard to animate the properties 
    ' of two buttons. 
    Public Class StoryboardExample
        Inherits Page

        Private Dim WithEvents myWidthAnimatedButton As Button
        Private Dim WithEvents myColorAnimatedButton As Button        
        Private Dim myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        Private Dim myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard


        Public Sub New()
            ' Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(Me, New NameScope())

            Me.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards" 
            Dim myStackPanel As New StackPanel()
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500
            myStackPanel.Margin = New Thickness(30)
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            Dim myTextBlock As New TextBlock()
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example"
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock)

            
            ' Create and animate the first button. 
            

            ' Create a button.
            myWidthAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button" 

            ' Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred 
            ' to in the storyboard that's created later. 
            ' The ID doesn't have to match the variable name; 
            ' it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton" 

            ' Register the name with the page to which the button belongs. 
            Me.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton)

            ' Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button. 
            Dim myDoubleAnimation As New DoubleAnimation()
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name)
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, New PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton)

            
            ' Create and animate the second button. 
            

            ' Create a second button.
            myColorAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button" 

            ' Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background. 
            Dim myBackgroundBrush As New SolidColorBrush()
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue

            ' Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't 
            ' have a Name property to set. Instead, you just 
            ' register a name for the SolidColorBrush with 
            ' the page where it's used. 
            Me.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush)

            ' Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush

            ' Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background. 
            Dim myColorAnimation As New ColorAnimation()
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue
            myColorAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush")
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, New PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton)
            Me.Content = myStackPanel

        End Sub 

        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked. 
        Private Sub myWidthAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myWidthAnimatedButton.Click

            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton)

        End Sub         

        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked. 
        Private Sub myColorAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myColorAnimatedButton.Click

            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton)

        End Sub            

    End Class 
End Namespace

For the complete sample, see Property Animation Sample. For more information about animation and storyboards, see Animation Overview.

If you use code, you are not limited to using Storyboard objects in order to animate properties. For more information and examples, see How to: Animate a Property Without Using a Storyboard and How to: Animate a Property by Using an AnimationClock.

More Code

How to: Define a Name Scope To animate with Storyboard in code, you must create a NameScope and register the target objects' names with the element that owns that name scope. In the following example, a NameScope is created for myMainPanel. Two buttons, button1 and button2, are added to the panel, and their names registered. Several animations and a Storyboard are created. The storyboard's Begin method is used to start the animations.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0
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