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DoubleAnimation.IsCumulative Property

Gets or sets a value that specifies whether the animation's value accumulates when it repeats. This is a dependency property.

Namespace: System.Windows.Media.Animation
Assembly: PresentationCore (in presentationcore.dll)
XML Namespace:  http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation

public bool IsCumulative { get; set; }
/** @property */
public boolean get_IsCumulative ()

/** @property */
public void set_IsCumulative (boolean value)

public function get IsCumulative () : boolean

public function set IsCumulative (value : boolean)

<object IsCumulative="bool" .../>

Property Value

true if the animation accumulates its values when its RepeatBehavior property causes it to repeat its simple duration. otherwise, false. The default value is false.

Identifier field

IsAdditiveProperty

Metadata properties set to true

None

When this property is set to true, the animation's output values only accumulate when the animation's RepeatBehavior property causes it to repeat its simple duration. It does not accumulate its values when it restarts because its parent repeated or because its clock was restarted from a Begin call.

This example shows how to use the IsCumulative property to accumulate animation values across repeating cycles.

Use the IsCumulative property to accumulate base values of an animation across repeating cycles. For example, if you set an animation to repeat 9 times (RepeatBehavior = “9x”) and you set the property to animate between 10 and 15 (From = 10 To = 15), the property animates from 10 to 15 during the first cycle, from 15 to 20 during the second cycle, from 20 to 25 during the third cycle, and so on. Hence, each animation cycle uses the ending animation value from the previous animation cycle as its base value.

You can use the IsCumulative property with most basic animations and most key frame animations. For more information, see Animation Overview and KeyFrame Animations.

The following example shows this behavior by animating the width of four rectangles. The example:

  • Animates the first rectangle with DoubleAnimation and sets the IsCumulative property to true.

  • Animates the second rectangle with DoubleAnimation and sets the IsCumulative property to the default value of false.

  • Animates the third rectangle with DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames and sets the IsCumulative property to true.

  • Animates the last rectangle with DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames and sets the IsCumulative property to false.

<Page 
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml">
  <StackPanel Margin="20" >

    <!-- This rectangle is animated with DoubleAnimation and IsCumulative set to "True". -->
    <Rectangle Name="withIsCumulative"
      Width="100" Height="20" Margin="12,0,0,5" Fill="#AA3333FF" HorizontalAlignment="Left" />

    <!-- This rectangle is animated with DoubleAnimation and IsCumulative set to "False". -->
    <Rectangle Name="withoutIsCumulative"
      Width="100" Height="20" Margin="12,0,0,5" Fill="#AA3333FF" HorizontalAlignment="Left" />

    <!-- This rectangle is animated with DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames and IsCumulative set to "True". -->
    <Rectangle Name="withIsCumulativeUsingKeyFrames"
      Width="100" Height="20" Margin="12,0,0,5" Fill="#AA3333FF" HorizontalAlignment="Left" />

    <!-- This rectangle is animated with DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames and IsCumulative set to "False". -->
    <Rectangle Name="withoutIsCumulativeUsingKeyFrames"
      Width="100" Height="20" Margin="12,0,0,5" Fill="#AA3333FF" HorizontalAlignment="Left" />

    <!-- Create a button to restart the animations. -->
    <Button Margin="0,30,0,0" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
      Restart Animations
      <Button.Triggers>
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">
          <BeginStoryboard>
            <Storyboard>

              <!-- DoubleAnimation with IsCumulative set to "True". Because IsCumulative is set to "True", 
                   the base values of the animation will accumulate over repeat cycles. In this example, the
                   first iteration will be from 100 to 200, the second will be from 200 to 300, the third from
                   300 to 400, etc. -->
              <DoubleAnimation 
                Storyboard.TargetName="withIsCumulative" 
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width" 
                RepeatBehavior="4x"
                AutoReverse="True"
                IsCumulative="True"
                Duration="0:0:3" From="100" To="200" />

              <!-- DoubleAnimation with IsCumulative set to "False". The starting value 100 pixels and repeat 
                   cycles do not build on earlier ones. -->
              <DoubleAnimation 
                Storyboard.TargetName="withoutIsCumulative" 
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width" 
                RepeatBehavior="4x"
                AutoReverse="True"
                IsCumulative="False"
                Duration="0:0:3" From="100" To="200" />

              <!-- DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames with IsCumulative set to "True". Similar to the DoubleAnimation
                   above, the base value of each cycle builds on the last one. Note that the output value
                   is the total output value from all the key frames for a total output of 100 pixels. -->
              <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                Storyboard.TargetName="withIsCumulativeUsingKeyFrames"
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                RepeatBehavior="4x"
                AutoReverse="True"
                IsCumulative="True" >
                <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
                  <LinearDoubleKeyFrame Value="100" KeyTime="0:0:0" />
                  <LinearDoubleKeyFrame Value="130" KeyTime="0:0:1" />
                  <SplineDoubleKeyFrame KeySpline="0.6,0.0 0.9,0.00" Value="200" KeyTime="0:0:3" />
                </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
              </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>

              <!-- DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames with IsCumulative set to "False". The base value of each cycle
                   does not build on the last one. -->
              <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                Storyboard.TargetName="withoutIsCumulativeUsingKeyFrames"
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                RepeatBehavior="4x"
                AutoReverse="True"
                IsCumulative="False" >
                <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
                  <LinearDoubleKeyFrame Value="100" KeyTime="0:0:0" />
                  <LinearDoubleKeyFrame Value="130" KeyTime="0:0:1" />
                  <SplineDoubleKeyFrame KeySpline="0.6,0.0 0.9,0.00" Value="200" KeyTime="0:0:3" />
                </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
              </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>

            </Storyboard>

          </BeginStoryboard>
        </EventTrigger>
      </Button.Triggers>
    </Button>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0
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