TreeView.ImageIndex Property

Gets or sets the image-list index value of the default image that is displayed by the tree nodes.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

[RelatedImageListAttribute("ImageList")]
public int ImageIndex { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Int32
A zero-based index that represents the position of an Image in an ImageList. The default is zero.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The specified index is less than 0.

The ImageIndex value is the index of an Image stored in the ImageList assigned to the ImageList property.

The ImageKey and ImageIndex properties are mutually exclusive; if one is set, the other is ignored. If you set ImageKey, ImageIndex is automatically set to -1. Alternatively, if you set ImageIndex, ImageKey is automatically set to an empty string ("").

NoteNote

When setting the ImageIndex property at run time, the TreeView handle is recreated (see Control.RecreateHandle) to update the control's appearance. This causes all tree nodes to be collapsed, with the exception of the selected TreeNode.

The following code example creates and assigns an ImageList to a TreeView control and fills the TreeView control with TreeNode objects. The tree nodes are assigned images from the ImageList that are displayed when in a selected or unselected state. This example requires that you have a Form that contains a TreeView, and an ArrayList that contains Customer objects that each contain Order objects. It is also assumed that the Customer and Order objects are defined.


public class Customer
{
   public ArrayList CustomerOrders;
   public string CustomerName;
   public Customer(string myName)
   {
      CustomerName = myName;
      CustomerOrders = new ArrayList(); 
   }
}
public class Order
{
   public string OrderID;
   public Order(string myOrderID )
   {
      this.OrderID = myOrderID;
   }
}

private void FillTreeView()
{
	// Load the images in an ImageList.
	ImageList myImageList = new ImageList();
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("Default.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("SelectedDefault.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("Root.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("UnselectedCustomer.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("SelectedCustomer.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("UnselectedOrder.gif"));
	myImageList.Images.Add(Image.FromFile("SelectedOrder.gif"));
	
	// Assign the ImageList to the TreeView.
	myTreeView.ImageList = myImageList;
	
	// Set the TreeView control's default image and selected image indexes.
	myTreeView.ImageIndex = 0;
	myTreeView.SelectedImageIndex = 1;

	/* Set the index of image from the 
	ImageList for selected and unselected tree nodes.*/ 
	this.rootImageIndex = 2;
	this.selectedCustomerImageIndex = 3;
	this.unselectedCustomerImageIndex = 4;
	this.selectedOrderImageIndex = 5;
	this.unselectedOrderImageIndex = 6;
	
	// Create the root tree node.
	TreeNode rootNode = new TreeNode("CustomerList");
	rootNode.ImageIndex = rootImageIndex;
	rootNode.SelectedImageIndex = rootImageIndex;

	// Add a main root tree node.
	myTreeView.Nodes.Add(rootNode);

	// Add a root tree node for each Customer object in the ArrayList. 
	foreach(Customer myCustomer in customerArray)
	{
		// Add a child tree node for each Order object. 
		int countIndex=0;
		TreeNode[] myTreeNodeArray = new TreeNode[myCustomer.CustomerOrders.Count];
		foreach(Order myOrder in myCustomer.CustomerOrders)
		{
			// Add the Order tree node to the array.
			myTreeNodeArray[countIndex] = new TreeNode(myOrder.OrderID,
			  unselectedOrderImageIndex, selectedOrderImageIndex);
			countIndex++;
		}
		// Add the Customer tree node.
		TreeNode customerNode = new TreeNode(myCustomer.CustomerName,
			unselectedCustomerImageIndex, selectedCustomerImageIndex, myTreeNodeArray);
		myTreeView.Nodes[0].Nodes.Add(customerNode);
	}
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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