TreeView.CheckBoxes Property

Gets or sets a value indicating whether check boxes are displayed next to the tree nodes in the tree view control.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

Public Property CheckBoxes As Boolean

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if a check box is displayed next to each tree node in the tree view control; otherwise, false. The default is false.

A check box is displayed to the left of both the tree node label and tree node Image, if any. Check boxes allow the user to select more than one tree node at a time.

When the CheckBoxes property of a TreeView is set to true, and the StateImageList property is set, each TreeNode that is contained in the TreeView displays the first and second images from the StateImageList to indicate an unchecked or checked state, respectively. However, the displayed images may be different if the following situation occurs: If the SelectedImageIndex of the node is set to a value other than 0 or 1, and the CheckBoxes property of the parent TreeView is set to false, the SelectedImageIndex will not automatically reset to -1 to indicate it is not set. In this case, the state image at the indicated index position is shown. If CheckBoxes is set to true again, the first and second images of the StateImageList are shown to indicate a checked or unchecked state, respectively.


When setting the CheckBoxes property at run time, the TreeView handle is recreated (see Control.RecreateHandle) to update the control's appearance. This causes all tree nodes to be collapsed, with the exception of the selected TreeNode.

The following code example demonstrates how to change the collapse state of a TreeView so that all the checked nodes are visible. First, all the nodes are collapsed, and a handler is added for the BeforeExpand event. Next, all the nodes are expanded. The BeforeExpand event handler determines whether a given node has child nodes that are checked. If a node does not have checked children, the expansion is canceled for that node. In order to allow standard node expansion when the plus sign next to a node is clicked, the BeforeExpand event handler is then removed.

This behavior can also be implemented by handling the BeforeCollapse event, as illustrated in the example for that topic.

Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form
    Private treeView1 As TreeView
    Private showCheckedNodesButton As Button

    Public Sub New()
        treeView1 = New TreeView
        showCheckedNodesButton = New Button


        ' Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = New Point(0, 25)
        treeView1.Size = New Size(292, 248)
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top Or AnchorStyles.Left Or AnchorStyles.Bottom Or AnchorStyles.Right
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = True 

        ' Add nodes to treeView1. 
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer 
        For x = 0 To 3
            ' Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4))
            Dim y As Integer 
            For y = 1 To 4
                ' Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4 + y))
            Next y
        Next x

        ' Set the checked state of one of the nodes to 
        ' demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Nodes(0).Checked = True 

        ' Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = New Size(144, 24)
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes" 
        AddHandler showCheckedNodesButton.Click, AddressOf showCheckedNodesButton_Click

        ' Initialize the form. 
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1})

    End Sub 'New

    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub 'Main

    Private Sub showCheckedNodesButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering  
        ' while changes are made.

        ' Collapse all nodes of treeView1.

        ' Add the CheckForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event. 
        AddHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are  
        ' prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.

        ' Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand  
        ' event so manual node expansion will work correctly. 
        RemoveHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Enable redrawing of treeView1.
    End Sub 'showCheckedNodesButton_Click

    ' Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes. 
    Private Sub CheckForCheckedChildren(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As TreeViewCancelEventArgs)
        If Not HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node) Then
            e.Cancel = True 
        End If 
    End Sub 'CheckForCheckedChildren

    ' Returns a value indicating whether the specified  
    ' TreeNode has checked child nodes. 
    Private Function HasCheckedChildNodes(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Boolean 
        If node.Nodes.Count = 0 Then 
            Return False 
        End If 
        Dim childNode As TreeNode
        For Each childNode In node.Nodes
            If childNode.Checked Then 
                Return True 
            End If 
            ' Recursively check the children of the current child node. 
            If HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode) Then 
                Return True 
            End If 
        Next childNode
        Return False 
    End Function 'HasCheckedChildNodes

End Class 'Form1 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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