TextBoxBase.SelectionLength Property

Gets or sets the number of characters selected in the text box.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public virtual int SelectionLength { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Int32
The number of characters selected in the text box.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The assigned value is less than zero.

You can use this property to determine if any characters are currently selected in the text box control before performing operations on the selected text. When the value of the SelectionLength property is set to a value that is larger than the number of characters within the text of the control, the value of the SelectionLength property is set to the entire length of text within the control minus the value of the SelectionStart property (if any value is specified for the SelectionStart property).

NoteNote

You can programmatically move the caret within the text box by setting the SelectionStart to the position within the text box where you want the caret to move to and set the SelectionLength property to a value of zero (0). The text box must have focus in order for the caret to be moved.

The following code example uses TextBox, a derived class. It provides Click event handlers for MenuItem objects that perform Cut, Copy, Paste, and Undo operations. This example requires that a TextBox control named textBox1 has been created.


private void Menu_Copy(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {
    // Ensure that text is selected in the text box.   
    if(textBox1.SelectionLength > 0)
        // Copy the selected text to the Clipboard.
        textBox1.Copy();
 }

 private void Menu_Cut(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {   
     // Ensure that text is currently selected in the text box.   
     if(textBox1.SelectedText != "")
        // Cut the selected text in the control and paste it into the Clipboard.
        textBox1.Cut();
 }

 private void Menu_Paste(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {
    // Determine if there is any text in the Clipboard to paste into the text box.
    if(Clipboard.GetDataObject().GetDataPresent(DataFormats.Text) == true)
    {
        // Determine if any text is selected in the text box.
        if(textBox1.SelectionLength > 0)
        {
          // Ask user if they want to paste over currently selected text.
          if(MessageBox.Show("Do you want to paste over current selection?", "Cut Example", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo) == DialogResult.No)
             // Move selection to the point after the current selection and paste.
             textBox1.SelectionStart = textBox1.SelectionStart + textBox1.SelectionLength;
        }
        // Paste current text in Clipboard into text box.
        textBox1.Paste();
    }
 }


 private void Menu_Undo(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {
    // Determine if last operation can be undone in text box.   
    if(textBox1.CanUndo == true)
    {
       // Undo the last operation.
       textBox1.Undo();
       // Clear the undo buffer to prevent last action from being redone.
       textBox1.ClearUndo();
    }
 }
 


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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