ScrollBar.Scroll Event

Occurs when the scroll box has been moved by either a mouse or keyboard action.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public event ScrollEventHandler Scroll

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example scrolls an image in a picture box. It uses the Value of the scrollbar to redraw a new part of the image whenever the user scrolls. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the ScrollBar class overview.

NoteNote

For instructions about how to run this example in Visual Studio, see How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio.

private void HandleScroll(Object sender, ScrollEventArgs e)
{
    //Create a graphics object and draw a portion of the image in the PictureBox.
    Graphics g = pictureBox1.CreateGraphics();

    int xWidth = pictureBox1.Width;
    int yHeight = pictureBox1.Height;

    int x;
    int y;

    if (e.ScrollOrientation == ScrollOrientation.HorizontalScroll)
    {
        x = e.NewValue;
        y = vScrollBar1.Value;
    }
    else //e.ScrollOrientation == ScrollOrientation.VerticalScroll
    {
        y = e.NewValue;
        x = hScrollBar1.Value;
    }

    g.DrawImage(pictureBox1.Image,
      new Rectangle(0, 0, xWidth, yHeight),  //where to draw the image 
      new Rectangle(x, y, xWidth, yHeight),  //the portion of the image to draw
      GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

    pictureBox1.Update();
}

The following code example uses the derived class VScrollBar. Event handlers for the Scroll and ValueChanged events are created. This code assumes that a Label and Button have been created on a form and that the button has an event handler for the Click event. When the button is clicked, the Value property of the scroll bar is adjusted in code. The label will display the current value of the Value property and the event that changed it. You will notice that when the scroll value is changed by the button's Click event, only the ValueChanged event is raised. In contrast, when the scroll bar is scrolled manually, the Scroll event is raised immediately after the ValueChanged event.

private void AddMyScrollEventHandlers()
 {
    // Create and initialize a VScrollBar.
    VScrollBar vScrollBar1 = new VScrollBar();

    // Add event handlers for the OnScroll and OnValueChanged events.
    vScrollBar1.Scroll += new ScrollEventHandler(
       this.vScrollBar1_Scroll);
    vScrollBar1.ValueChanged += new EventHandler(
       this.vScrollBar1_ValueChanged); 
 }

 // Create the ValueChanged event handler. 
 private void vScrollBar1_ValueChanged(Object sender, 
                                       EventArgs e)
 {
     // Display the new value in the label.
     label1.Text = "vScrollBar Value:(OnValueChanged Event) " + vScrollBar1.Value.ToString();
 }

 // Create the Scroll event handler. 
 private void vScrollBar1_Scroll(Object sender, 
                                 ScrollEventArgs e)
 {
     // Display the new value in the label.
     label1.Text = "VScrollBar Value:(OnScroll Event) " + e.NewValue.ToString();
 }

 private void button1_Click(Object sender, 
                           EventArgs e)
 {
    // Add 40 to the Value property if it will not exceed the Maximum value. 
    if (vScrollBar1.Value + 40 < vScrollBar1.Maximum)
    {
        vScrollBar1.Value = vScrollBar1.Value + 40;
    }
 }
 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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