MaskedTextBox.ValidatingType Property

Gets or sets the data type used to verify the data input by the user.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public Type ValidatingType { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Type
A Type representing the data type used in validation. The default is null.

Masks do not in themselves guarantee that a user's input will represent a valid value for a given type. The following C# code shows a mask:

maskedTextBox1.Mask = "99/99/9999";

The following Visual Basic code shows a mask:

MaskedTextBox1.Mask = "99/99/9999"

This mask can demand that the user enter eight digits, but cannot verify that the user enters month, date, and year values in the correct range; "12/20/2003" and "70/90/0000" are equally valid as far as the mask is concerned.

You can use ValidatingType to verify whether the data entered by the user falls within the correct range—in the previously mentioned case, by assigning it an instance of the DateTime type. The current text in the control will be validated either when the user leaves the control. You can determine whether or not the data fails validation by monitoring for the TypeValidationCompleted event. MaskedTextBox will only perform the check against ValidatingType if MaskCompleted is true.

If you want to use your own custom data types with ValidatingType, you must implement a static Parse method that takes a string as a parameter. This method must be implemented with one or both of the following signatures:

public static Object Parse(string)

public static Object Parse(string, IFormatProvider)

The following code example attempts to parse the user's input as a valid DateTime. If it fails, the TypeValidationCompleted event handler displays an error message to the user. If the value is a valid DateTime, the code performs an additional check to ensure that the date supplied is not prior to today's date. This code example requires that your Windows Forms project contains a MaskedTextBox control named MaskedTextBox1 and a ToolTip control named ToolTip1.


private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    maskedTextBox1.Mask = "00/00/0000";
    maskedTextBox1.ValidatingType = typeof(System.DateTime);
    maskedTextBox1.TypeValidationCompleted += new TypeValidationEventHandler(maskedTextBox1_TypeValidationCompleted);
    maskedTextBox1.KeyDown += new KeyEventHandler(maskedTextBox1_KeyDown);

    toolTip1.IsBalloon = true;
}

void maskedTextBox1_TypeValidationCompleted(object sender, TypeValidationEventArgs e)
{
    if (!e.IsValidInput)
    {
        toolTip1.ToolTipTitle = "Invalid Date";
        toolTip1.Show("The data you supplied must be a valid date in the format mm/dd/yyyy.", maskedTextBox1, 0, -20, 5000);
    }
    else
    {
        //Now that the type has passed basic type validation, enforce more specific type rules.
        DateTime userDate = (DateTime)e.ReturnValue;
        if (userDate < DateTime.Now)
        {
            toolTip1.ToolTipTitle = "Invalid Date";
            toolTip1.Show("The date in this field must be greater than today's date.", maskedTextBox1, 0, -20, 5000);
            e.Cancel = true;
        }
    }
}

// Hide the tooltip if the user starts typing again before the five-second display limit on the tooltip expires.
void maskedTextBox1_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)
{
    toolTip1.Hide(maskedTextBox1);
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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