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DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn.ThreeState Property

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the hosted check box cells will allow three check states rather than two.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)
public bool ThreeState { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the hosted DataGridViewCheckBoxCell objects are able to have a third, indeterminate, state; otherwise, false. The default is false.
ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The value of the CellTemplate property is null.

The indeterminate state can be useful, for example, when you do not want to set a default value in the check box.

Getting or setting this property gets or sets the ThreeState property of the cell object returned by the CellTemplate property. Setting this property also sets the ThreeState property of every cell in the column and refreshes the column display. To override the specified value for individual cells, set the cell values after you set the column value.

If the NullValue property of the object returned by the DefaultCellStyle property has a value of false, changing the ThreeState property value to true automatically sets NullValue to Indeterminate. If NullValue has a value of Indeterminate, changing the ThreeState property value to false automatically sets NullValue to false.

The following code example uses a DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn to track the status of office lighting. The FalseValue property associates "turnedOff" with false, the TrueValue property associates "turnedOn" with true, and the IndeterminateValue property associates "unknown" to indeterminate.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class TriValueVirtualCheckBox:Form
{
    DataGridView dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();

    const int initialSize = 500;

    Dictionary<int, LightStatus> store 
        = new Dictionary<int, LightStatus>();

    public TriValueVirtualCheckBox() : base()
    {        
        Text = this.GetType().Name;

        int index = 0;
        for(index=0; index<=initialSize; index++)
            store.Add(index, LightStatus.Unknown);

        Controls.Add(dataGridView1);
        dataGridView1.VirtualMode = true;
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
        dataGridView1.CellValueNeeded += new 
            DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded);
        dataGridView1.CellValuePushed += new 
            DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValuePushed);

        dataGridView1.Columns.Add(CreateCheckBoxColumn());
        dataGridView1.Rows.AddCopies(0, initialSize);
    }

    private DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn CreateCheckBoxColumn()
    {
        DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1 
            = new DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn();
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.HeaderText = "Lights On";
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.TrueValue = LightStatus.TurnedOn;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.FalseValue = LightStatus.TurnedOff;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.IndeterminateValue 
            = LightStatus.Unknown;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.ThreeState = true;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.ValueType = typeof(LightStatus);
        return dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1;
    }

#region "data store maintance" 
    private void dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded(object sender, 
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        e.Value = store[e.RowIndex];
    }

    private void dataGridView1_CellValuePushed(object sender, 
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        store[e.RowIndex] = (LightStatus) e.Value;
    }
#endregion

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new TriValueVirtualCheckBox());
    }
}

public enum LightStatus
{
    Unknown, 
    TurnedOn, 
    TurnedOff
};

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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