Control.Leave Event

Occurs when the input focus leaves the control.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
Public Event Leave As EventHandler

When you change the focus by using the keyboard (TAB, SHIFT+TAB, and so on), by calling the Select or SelectNextControl methods, or by setting the ContainerControl.ActiveControl property to the current form, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. Leave

  4. Validating

  5. Validated

  6. LostFocus

When you change the focus by using the mouse or by calling the Focus method, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. LostFocus

  4. Leave

  5. Validating

  6. Validated

If the CausesValidation property is set to false, the Validating and Validated events are suppressed.

NoteNote

The Enter and Leave events are suppressed by the Form class. The equivalent events in the Form class are the Activated and Deactivate events. The Enter and Leave events are hierarchical and will cascade up and down the parent chain until the appropriate control is reached. For example, assume you have a Form with two GroupBox controls, and each GroupBox control has one TextBox control. When the caret is moved from one TextBox to the other, the Leave event is raised for the TextBox and GroupBox, and the Enter event is raised for the other GroupBox and TextBox.

Caution noteCaution

Do not attempt to set focus from within the Enter, GotFocus, Leave, LostFocus, Validating, or Validated event handlers. Doing so can cause your application or the operating system to stop responding. For more information, see the WM_KILLFOCUS topic.

For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

The following code example uses the Leave event to reset a control to its former state.

    Private Sub textBox1_Enter(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.Enter
        ' If the TextBox contains text, change its foreground and background colors. 
        If textBox1.Text <> [String].Empty Then
            textBox1.ForeColor = Color.Red
            textBox1.BackColor = Color.Black
            ' Move the selection pointer to the end of the text of the control.
            textBox1.Select(textBox1.Text.Length, 0)
        End If 
    End Sub 'textBox1_Enter


    Private Sub textBox1_Leave(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.Leave
        ' Reset the colors and selection of the TextBox after focus is lost.
        textBox1.ForeColor = Color.Black
        textBox1.BackColor = Color.White
        textBox1.Select(0, 0)
    End Sub 'textBox1_Leave
End Class 'Form1 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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