ObjectDataSourceEventArgs Class

Provides data for the ObjectCreating and ObjectCreated events of the ObjectDataSource control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public class ObjectDataSourceEventArgs : EventArgs

The ObjectDataSourceEventArgs class is used in the OnObjectCreating and OnObjectCreated methods to provide access to the business object instance before any data operations that are using the ObjectDataSource control and business object are performed. The business object is set and accessed using the ObjectInstance property. By adding an event handler delegate to handle the ObjectCreating event, you can create an instance of the business object in custom code instead of the ObjectDataSource performing the instantiation. This is useful when you want a non-default instance of your business object or to call a non-default constructor to create the instance; the ObjectDataSource always calls the default constructor to create an instance of the business object it works with. You can also add an event handler delegate to handle the ObjectCreated event, which enables you to access any publicly exposed members of the business object to perform any additional initialization or work.

The OnObjectCreating and OnObjectCreated methods are not called by the ObjectDataSource control, if the business object method that performs the data operations is static.

The ObjectDataSource control exposes many events that you can handle to work with the underlying business object at various times in its lifecycle. The following table lists the events and the associated EventArgs classes and event handler delegates.

Event

EventArgs

EventHandler

ObjectCreating.

Occurs immediately before the instance of the business object is created.

ObjectDataSourceEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceObjectEventHandler

ObjectCreated.

Occurs immediately after the instance of the business object is created.

ObjectDataSourceEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceObjectEventHandler

Selecting.

Occurs before the data is retrieved.

ObjectDataSourceSelectingEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceSelectingEventHandler

Inserting, Updating, and Deleting.

Occur before an insert, update, or delete operation is performed.

ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler

Selected.

Occurs after the data is retrieved.

ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler

Inserted, Updated, Deleted.

Occur after the insert, update, or delete operation is completed.

ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceStatusEventHandler

ObjectDisposing.

Occurs before a business object is destroyed.

ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler

This section contains two code examples. The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to retrieve and display information. The second code example provides the example basic business object that the first code example uses.

The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to retrieve and display information. In this example, as in many real-world scenarios, it might not be possible nor appropriate to use a default instance of the business object with the ObjectDataSource control. In this example, the ObjectDataSource cannot successfully call the default constructor because it will throw an exception. In some cases, the default constructor might be protected and in others it might not initialize the business object to a desired state. Whatever the reason, you can create an instance of the business object yourself and set the instance to the ObjectInstance property of the ObjectDataSourceEventArgs object that is passed to the handler. This is the business object instance that the ObjectDataSource will use to perform its work.

<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
private void NorthwindLogicCreating(object sender, ObjectDataSourceEventArgs e)
{
    // Create an instance of the business object using a non-default constructor.
    EmployeeLogic eLogic = new EmployeeLogic("Not created by the default constructor!");

    // Set the ObjectInstance property so that the ObjectDataSource uses the created instance.
    e.ObjectInstance = eLogic;
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          onobjectcreating="NorthwindLogicCreating"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic" >
        </asp:objectdatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates the example basic business object that the preceding code example uses.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

  public class EmployeeLogic {

    public EmployeeLogic() {  
        throw new NotSupportedException("Initialize data.");
    }

    public EmployeeLogic(string data) {
        _data = data;
    }

    private string _data;

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects. 
    public ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();      
      al.Add(_data);        
      return al;
    }

  }

}

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceEventArgs

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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