GridViewUpdateEventArgs Class

Provides data for the RowUpdating event.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public class GridViewUpdateEventArgs : CancelEventArgs

The GridView control raises the RowUpdating event when a row's Update button is clicked, but before the GridView control updates the row. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the update operation, whenever this event occurs.

A GridViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the index of the current row and to indicate that the update operation should be canceled. To cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewUpdateEventArgs object to true. You can also manipulate the Keys, OldValues, and NewValues collections, if necessary, before the values are passed to the data source. A common way to use these collections is to HTML-encode the values supplied by the user before they are stored in the data source. This helps to prevent script injection attacks.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of GridViewUpdateEventArgs, see the GridViewSelectEventArgs constructor.

The following example demonstrates how to use the GridViewUpdateEventArgs object passed to the event-handling method to HTML-encode all values supplied by the user before updating the data source.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_RowUpdating(Object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {

    // Iterate through the NewValues collection and HTML encode all  
    // user-provided values before updating the data source. 
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in e.NewValues)
    {

      e.NewValues[entry.Key] = Server.HtmlEncode(entry.Value.ToString());

    }

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowUpdating Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowUpdating Example</h3>

      <!-- The GridView control automatically sets the columns     -->
      <!-- specified in the datakeynames property as read-only.    -->
      <!-- No input controls are rendered for these columns in     -->
      <!-- edit mode.                                              -->
      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        allowpaging="true" 
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onrowupdating="CustomersGridView_RowUpdating"  
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update Customers SET CompanyName=@CompanyName, Address=@Address, City=@City, PostalCode=@PostalCode, Country=@Country WHERE (CustomerID = @CustomerID)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
      System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewUpdateEventArgs

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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