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ProfileManager Class

Manages user profile data and settings.

Namespace:  System.Web.Profile
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)
[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public static class ProfileManager

The ASP.NET profile is used to store and retrieve user settings in a data source such as a database. The user profile is accessed using the Profile property of the current HttpContext. Profile information and property values are managed using a profile provider.

The ProfileManager class is used to manage profile settings, search for user profiles, and delete user profiles that are no longer in use. The ProfileManager class provides static methods and properties that can be accessed by referencing the ProfileManager class in your application code. For an example, see the Example section in this topic and additional examples in the topics for members of the ProfileManager class.

By default, the user profile is disabled for all ASP.NET applications. To enable the user profile, set the enabled attribute of the profile configuration element to true, as shown in the following example.

<configuration>
  <system.web>
    <profile enabled="true" />
  </system.web>
</configuration>

For more information about the user profile, see ASP.NET Profile Properties Overview.

A profile provider is used to store and retrieve properties in the user profile. The .NET Framework includes a SqlProfileProvider class that stores user profile properties in a SQL Server database. A SqlProfileProvider instance named AspNetSqlProvider is specified in the machine configuration as the default profile provider. The AspNetSqlProvider instance connects to the SQL Server database on the local Web server. You can specify a SqlProfileProvider that connects to another SQL Server as the default profile provider by using the providers configuration element and the defaultProvider attribute of the profile configuration element, as shown in the following example.

<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="SqlServices" connectionString=
      "Data Source=MySqlServer;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=aspnetdb;" />
  </connectionStrings>
  <system.web>
    <profile defaultProvider="SqlProvider">
      <providers>
        <clear />
        <add name="SqlProvider"
          type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider"
          connectionStringName="SqlServices"
          applicationName="MyApplication" />
      </providers>
    </profile>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

The following code example shows an ASP.NET page that uses the ProfileManager class to manage inactive profiles.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Profile" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

int pageSize = 5;
int totalProfiles;
int totalPages;
int currentPage = 1;

ProfileAuthenticationOption authOption;
int inactiveDays = 120;
int deletedProfiles = 0;

public void Page_Load()
{
  DeletedMessage.Text = "";

  authOption = GetAuthenticationOption();

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    InactiveDaysTextBox.Text = inactiveDays.ToString();

    GetProfiles();
  }
  else
  {
    inactiveDays = Convert.ToInt32(InactiveDaysTextBox.Text);
  }
}

public void ProfileGrid_Delete(object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs args)
{
  // Retrieve user name selected. 

  int index = Convert.ToInt32(args.CommandArgument);

  string username = ProfileGrid.Rows[index].Cells[0].Text;

  ProfileManager.DeleteProfiles(new string[] {username});

  DeletedMessage.Text = "1 profile deleted.";

  // Refresh profile list.

  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  GetProfiles();
}


private void GetProfiles()
{
  ProfileGrid.DataSource = ProfileManager.GetAllInactiveProfiles(authOption,
                               DateTime.Now.Subtract(new TimeSpan(inactiveDays, 0, 0, 0)),
                               currentPage - 1, pageSize, out totalProfiles);

  TotalProfilesLabel.Text = totalProfiles.ToString();

  totalPages = ((totalProfiles - 1) / pageSize) + 1;

  // Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of Profiles. 

  if (currentPage > totalPages)
  {
    currentPage = totalPages;
    GetProfiles();
    return;
  }

  ProfileGrid.DataBind();
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString();
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString();

  if (currentPage == totalPages)
    NextButton.Visible = false;
  else
    NextButton.Visible = true;

  if (currentPage == 1)
    PreviousButton.Visible = false;
  else
    PreviousButton.Visible = true;

  if (totalProfiles <= 0)
    NavigationPanel.Visible = false;
  else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = true;
}

public void NextButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage++;
  GetProfiles();
}

public void PreviousButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage--;
  GetProfiles();
}

public void ModifyInactiveDaysButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  GetProfiles();
}

public void AuthenticationOptionListBox_OnSelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  authOption = GetAuthenticationOption();
  GetProfiles();
}

private ProfileAuthenticationOption GetAuthenticationOption()
{
  if (AuthenticationOptionListBox.SelectedItem != null)
  {
    switch (AuthenticationOptionListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    {
      case "Anonymous":
        return ProfileAuthenticationOption.Anonymous;
        break;
      case "Authenticated":
        return ProfileAuthenticationOption.Authenticated;
        break;
      default:
        return ProfileAuthenticationOption.All;
        break;
    }
  }

  return ProfileAuthenticationOption.All;
}

public void DeleteAllInactiveButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  deletedProfiles = ProfileManager.DeleteInactiveProfiles(authOption, 
                        DateTime.Now.Subtract(new TimeSpan(inactiveDays, 0, 0 ,0)));
  DeletedMessage.Text = deletedProfiles.ToString() + " profiles deleted.";
  GetProfiles();
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Profiles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Profile List</h3>

  <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top">Authentication Option</td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="AuthenticationOptionListBox" rows="3" runat="Server"
                                    AutoPostBack="true"
                                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="AuthenticationOptionListBox_OnSelectedIndexChanged">
                         <asp:ListItem value="All" selected="True">All</asp:ListItem>
                         <asp:ListItem value="Authenticated">Authenticated</asp:ListItem>
                         <asp:ListItem value="Anonymous">Anonymous</asp:ListItem>
                       </asp:ListBox>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td valign="top" style="width:160">
        Number of Days for Profile to be considered "inactive"</td>
      <td valign="top" style="width:200">
        <asp:TextBox id="InactiveDaysTextBox" runat="Server" MaxLength="3" Columns="3" />
        <asp:Button id="ModifyInactiveDaysButton" runat="server" Text="Refresh Results" 
           OnClick="ModifyInactiveDaysButton_OnClick" /><br />
        <asp:Button id="DeleteAllInactiveButton" runat="Server"
           Text="Delete All Inactive Profiles" OnClick="DeleteAllInactiveButton_OnClick" />
      </td>
      <td valign="top">
        <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="InactiveDaysRequiredValidator" runat="server"
           ControlToValidate="InactiveDaysTextBox" ForeColor="red"
           Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
        <asp:RegularExpressionValidator id="InactiveDaysValidator" runat="server"
           ControlToValidate="InactiveDaysTextBox" ForeColor="red"
           Display="Static" ValidationExpression="[0-9]*" 
           ErrorMessage="Inactive Days must be a whole number less than 1000 (e.g. 30, 120)" />
     </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><asp:Label id="DeletedMessage" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:Label id="TotalProfilesLabel" runat="server" /> inactive profiles found.</td>
    </tr>
  </table>

    <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:GridView id="ProfileGrid" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="false"
                OnRowCommand="ProfileGrid_Delete"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1" Gridlines="None">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
    <Columns>
      <asp:BoundField HeaderText="User Name" DataField="Username" />
      <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Is Anonymous" DataField="IsAnonymous" />
      <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Updated" DataField="LastUpdatedDate" />
      <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Activity" DataField="LastActivityDate" />
      <asp:ButtonField HeaderText="Action" Text="Delete" ButtonType="Link" />
    </Columns>
  </asp:GridView>

</form>

</body>
</html>
System.Object
  System.Web.Profile.ProfileManager
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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