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Type::IsAssignableFrom Method

Determines whether an instance of the current Type can be assigned from an instance of the specified Type.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
virtual bool IsAssignableFrom(
	Type^ c
)

Parameters

c
Type: System::Type
The type to compare with the current type.

Return Value

Type: System::Boolean
true if c and the current Type represent the same type, or if the current Type is in the inheritance hierarchy of c, or if the current Type is an interface that c implements, or if c is a generic type parameter and the current Type represents one of the constraints of c. false if none of these conditions are true, or if c is nullptr.

Implements

_Type::IsAssignableFrom(Type)

This method can be overridden by a derived class.

NoteNote

A generic type definition is not assignable from a closed constructed type. That is, you cannot assign the closed constructed type MyGenericList<int> (MyGenericList(Of Integer) in Visual Basic) to a variable of type MyGenericList<T>.

You can determine the element types of a Type using GetElementType.

If the c parameter is of type TypeBuilder, the result is based on the type that is to be built. The following code example demonstrates this using a built type named B.

TypeBuilder b1 = moduleBuilder.DefineType("B", TypeAttributes.Public, typeof(A));
// Returns true:
typeof(A).IsAssignableFrom(b1))

The following example demonstrates the IsAssignableFrom method using defined classes, integer arrays, and generics.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

ref class Room
{
};

ref class Kitchen : Room
{
};

ref class Bedroom : Room
{
};

ref class Guestroom : Bedroom
{
};

ref class MasterBedroom : Bedroom
{
};

ref class Program
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
            // Demonstrate classes:
            Console::WriteLine("Defned Classes:");
            Room^ room1 = gcnew Room();
            Kitchen^ kitchen1 = gcnew Kitchen();
            Bedroom^ bedroom1 = gcnew Bedroom();
            Guestroom^ guestroom1 = gcnew Guestroom();
            MasterBedroom^ masterbedroom1 = gcnew MasterBedroom();

            Type^ room1Type = room1->GetType();
            Type^ kitchen1Type = kitchen1->GetType();
            Type^ bedroom1Type = bedroom1->GetType();
            Type^ guestroom1Type = guestroom1->GetType();
            Type^ masterbedroom1Type = masterbedroom1->GetType();

            Console::WriteLine("room assignable from kitchen: {0}", room1Type->IsAssignableFrom(kitchen1Type));
            Console::WriteLine("bedroom assignable from guestroom: {0}", bedroom1Type->IsAssignableFrom(guestroom1Type));
            Console::WriteLine("kitchen assignable from masterbedroom: {0}", kitchen1Type->IsAssignableFrom(masterbedroom1Type));

            // Demonstrate arrays:
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine("Integer arrays:");
            array<Int32>^ array2 = gcnew array<Int32>(2);
            array<Int32>^ array10 = gcnew array<Int32>(10);
            array<Int32, 2>^ array22 = gcnew array<Int32, 2>(2, 2);
            array<Int32, 2>^ array24 = gcnew array<Int32, 2>(2, 4);

            Type^ array2Type = array2->GetType();
            Type^ array10Type = array10->GetType();
            Type^ array22Type = array22->GetType();
            Type^ array24Type = array24->GetType();

            Console::WriteLine("Int32[2] assignable from Int32[10]: {0}", array2Type->IsAssignableFrom(array10Type));
            Console::WriteLine("Int32[2] assignable from Int32[2,4]: {0}", array2Type->IsAssignableFrom(array24Type));
            Console::WriteLine("Int32[2,4] assignable from Int32[2,2]: {0}", array24Type->IsAssignableFrom(array22Type));

            // Demonstrate generics:
            Console::WriteLine();
            Console::WriteLine("Generics:");

            // Note that "int?[]" is the same as "Nullable<int>[]"
            //int?[] arrayNull = new int?[10];
            array<Nullable^>^ arrayNull = gcnew array<Nullable^>(10);
            List<Int32>^ genIntList = gcnew List<Int32>();
            List<Type^>^ genTList = gcnew List<Type^>();

            Type^ arrayNullType = arrayNull->GetType();
            Type^ genIntListType = genIntList->GetType();
            Type^ genTListType = genTList->GetType();

            Console::WriteLine("Int32[10] assignable from Nullable[10]: {0}", array10Type->IsAssignableFrom(arrayNullType));
            Console::WriteLine("List<Int32> assignable from List<Type^>: {0}", genIntListType->IsAssignableFrom(genTListType));
            Console::WriteLine("List<Type^> assignable from List<Int32>: {0}", genTListType->IsAssignableFrom(genIntListType));

            Console::ReadLine();
    }
};

int main()
{
    Program::Main();
}

//This code example produces the following output:
//
// Defned Classes:
// room assignable from kitchen: True
// bedroom assignable from guestroom: True
//kitchen assignable from masterbedroom: False
//
// Integer arrays:
// Int32[2] assignable from Int32[10]: True
// Int32[2] assignable from Int32[2,4]: False
// Int32[2,4] assignable from Int32[2,2]: True
//
// Generics:
// Int32[10] assignable from Nullable[10]: False
// List<Int32> assignable from List<Type^>: False
// List<Type^> assignable from List<Int32>: False


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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