ServiceBehaviorAttribute.ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete Property

Gets or sets a value that specifies whether the service object is released when the current transaction completes.

Namespace:  System.ServiceModel
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel (in System.ServiceModel.dll)

public bool ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the service object is to be released; otherwise, false. The default is true.

Note that you must explicitly set ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete to false if there is an operation with OperationBehaviorAttribute.TransactionScopeRequired set to true and you set ConcurrencyMode to Reentrant. Otherwise a validation exception is thrown because the default value of ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete is true.

In addition, it is important to realize that if the service is created by passing a service object to the ServiceHost.ServiceHost(Object, Uri[]) constructor, the value of this property is treated as if it were false.

The following code example sets the transaction isolation level to ReadCommitted, disables support for concurrent transactions, requires a flowed transaction from the operation call, and commits the transaction on the service automatically if no unhandled exception occurs.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Transactions;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", 
    SessionMode=SessionMode.Required)]
  public interface IBehaviorService
  {
    [OperationContract]
    string TxWork(string message);
  }

  // Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you  
  // must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly. 
  /* The following service implementation:
   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
   *   -- Creates one service object per session
   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
   */
  [ServiceBehavior(
    ConcurrencyMode=ConcurrencyMode.Single,
    InstanceContextMode=InstanceContextMode.PerSession,
    ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete=false,
    TransactionIsolationLevel=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted
  )]
  public class BehaviorService : IBehaviorService, IDisposable
  {
    Guid myID;

    public BehaviorService()
    {
      myID = Guid.NewGuid();
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Object "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " created.");
    }

    /*
     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
     *       without an unhandled exception.
     */
    [OperationBehavior(
      TransactionAutoComplete = true,
      TransactionScopeRequired = true
    )]
    [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)]
    public string TxWork(string message)
    {
      // Do some transactable work.
      Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " + message);
      // Display transaction information.

      TransactionInformation info = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation;
      Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier);
      Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status);
      return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.",myID.ToString()) ;
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Service "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " is being recycled."
      );
    }
  }
}

The underlying binding must support flowed transactions for the following code example to execute properly. To support flowed transactions using the WSHttpBinding, for example, set the TransactionFlow property to true in code or in an application configuration file. The following code example shows a configuration file for the preceding sample.

<configuration>
  <system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service  
        name="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.BehaviorService" 
        behaviorConfiguration="mex"
        >
        <host>
          <baseAddresses>
            <add baseAddress="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"/>
            <add baseAddress="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"/>
          </baseAddresses>
        </host>
        <!--
          Note:
            This example code uses the WSHttpBinding to support transactions using the 
            WS-AtomicTransactions (WS-AT) protocol. WSHttpBinding is configured to use the  
            protocol, but the protocol is not enabled on some computers. Use the xws_reg -wsat+ 
            command to enable the WS-AtomicTransactions protocol in the MSDTC service.          
          -->
        <endpoint 
           contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
           binding="wsHttpBinding"
           bindingConfiguration="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow"
           address="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"
          />
        <endpoint 
               contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
               binding="netTcpBinding"
               bindingConfiguration="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow"
               address="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"
          />
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="mex">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <!-- binding configuration - configures a WSHttpBinding to require transaction flow -->
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </wsHttpBinding>
      <netTcpBinding>
        <binding name="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </netTcpBinding>
    </bindings>

  </system.serviceModel>
</configuration>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft