SignedXml.XmlDsigBase64TransformUrl Field

Represents the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for the base 64 transformation. This field is constant.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Assembly:  System.Security (in System.Security.dll)

public const string XmlDsigBase64TransformUrl

The value of the XmlDsigBase64TransformUrl field is "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#base64".

Use this field to conveniently supply a value to one of the URI attributes of an element used for XMLDSIG.

The XmlDsigBase64Transform class implements the transform described by the XmlDsigBase64TransformUrl field.

For more information, see the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specification at http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#base64.

The following code example demonstrates how to use members of the XmlDsigBase64Transform class.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Class1
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // Encrypt an XML message
        EncryptXML(LoadXMLDoc());

        // Using XmlDsigBase64Transform resolving a Uri.
        Uri baseUri = new Uri("http://www.microsoft.com");
        string relativeUri = "msdn";
        Uri absoluteUri = ResolveUris(baseUri, relativeUri);

        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
            "press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Encrypt the text in the specified XmlDocument. 
    private static void EncryptXML(XmlDocument xmlDoc)
    {
        XmlDsigBase64Transform xmlTransform = new XmlDsigBase64Transform();

        // Ensure the transform is using the proper algorithm.
        xmlTransform.Algorithm = SignedXml.XmlDsigBase64TransformUrl;

        // Retrieve the XML representation of the current transform.
        XmlElement xmlInTransform = xmlTransform.GetXml();

        Console.WriteLine("Xml representation of the current transform: ");
        Console.WriteLine(xmlInTransform.OuterXml);

        // Retrieve the valid input types for the current transform.
        Type[] validInTypes = xmlTransform.InputTypes;

        // Verify the xmlTransform can accept the XMLDocument as an 
        // input type. 
        for (int i=0; i<validInTypes.Length; i++)
        {
            if (validInTypes[i] == xmlDoc.GetType())
            {
                // Demonstrate loading the entire Xml Document.
                xmlTransform.LoadInput(xmlDoc);

                // This transform is created for demonstration purposes.
                XmlDsigBase64Transform secondTransform =
                    new XmlDsigBase64Transform();

                string classDescription = secondTransform.ToString();

                // This call does not perform as expected. 
                // LoadInnerXml is overridden by the XmlDsigBase64Transform 
                // class, but is stubbed out.
                secondTransform.LoadInnerXml(xmlDoc.SelectNodes("//."));

                break;
            }
        }

        Type[] validOutTypes = xmlTransform.OutputTypes;

        for (int i=0; i<validOutTypes.Length; i++)
        {
            if (validOutTypes[i] == typeof(System.IO.Stream))
            {
                try 
                {
                    Type streamType = typeof(System.IO.Stream);
                    CryptoStream outputStream = (CryptoStream) 
                        xmlTransform.GetOutput(streamType);

                    // Read the CryptoStream into a stream reader.
                    StreamReader streamReader =
                        new StreamReader(outputStream);

                    // Read the stream into a string. 
                    string outputMessage = streamReader.ReadToEnd();

                    // Close the streams.
                    outputStream.Close();
                    streamReader.Close();

                    // Display to the console the Xml before and after 
                    // encryption.
                    Console.WriteLine("Encoding the following message: " +
                        xmlDoc.InnerText);
                    Console.WriteLine("Message encoded: " + outputMessage);
            }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Unexpected exception caught: " +
                        ex.ToString());
                }

                break;
            }
            else
            {
                object outputObject = xmlTransform.GetOutput();
            }
        }
    }

    // Create an XML document with Element and Text nodes. 
    private static XmlDocument LoadXMLDoc()
    {
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        XmlNode mainNode = xmlDoc.CreateNode(
            XmlNodeType.Element,
            "ContosoMessages",
            "http://www.contoso.com");

        XmlNode textNode = xmlDoc.CreateTextNode("Some text to encode.");
        mainNode.AppendChild(textNode);
        xmlDoc.AppendChild(mainNode);

        Console.WriteLine("Created the following XML Document for " +
            "transformation: ");
        Console.WriteLine(xmlDoc.InnerXml);
        return xmlDoc;
    }

    // Resolve the specified base and relative Uri's . 
    private static Uri ResolveUris(Uri baseUri, string relativeUri)
    {
        XmlUrlResolver xmlResolver = new XmlUrlResolver();
        xmlResolver.Credentials = 
            System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

        XmlDsigBase64Transform xmlTransform = new XmlDsigBase64Transform();
        xmlTransform.Resolver = xmlResolver;

        Uri absoluteUri = xmlResolver.ResolveUri(baseUri, relativeUri);

        if (absoluteUri != null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "Resolved the base Uri and relative Uri to the following:");
            Console.WriteLine(absoluteUri.ToString());
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "Unable to resolve the base Uri and relative Uri");
        }
        return absoluteUri;
    }
}
// 
// This sample produces the following output: 
// 
// Created the following XML Document for transformation: 
// <ContosoMessages xmlns="http://www.contoso.com">Some text to encode.
// </ContosoMessages> 
// Xml representation of the current transform: 
// <Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#base64" xmlns=
// "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" />
// Encoding the following message: Some text to encode. 
// Message encoded: Jmr^ 
// Resolved the base Uri and relative Uri to the following: 
// http://www.microsoft.com/msdn 
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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