File.Delete Method

Deletes the specified file.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static void Delete(
	string path
)

Parameters

path
Type: System.String

The name of the file to be deleted. Wildcard characters are not supported.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

path is a zero-length string, contains only white space, or contains one or more invalid characters as defined by InvalidPathChars.

ArgumentNullException

path is null.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid (for example, it is on an unmapped drive).

IOException

The specified file is in use.

-or-

There is an open handle on the file, and the operating system is Windows XP or earlier. This open handle can result from enumerating directories and files. For more information, see How to: Enumerate Directories and Files.

NotSupportedException

path is in an invalid format.

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

UnauthorizedAccessException

The caller does not have the required permission.

-or-

path is a directory.

-or-

path specified a read-only file.

Specify a file name with any relative or absolute path information for the path parameter. Wildcard characters cannot be included. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory.

If the file to be deleted does not exist, no exception is thrown.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

Windows NT 4.0 Platform Note: Delete does not delete a file that is open for normal I/O or a file that is memory mapped.

The following example copies groups of files to the C:\archives\2008 backup folder and then deletes them from the source folder.

string sourceDir = @"c:\current";
string backupDir = @"c:\archives\2008";

try
{
    string[] picList = Directory.GetFiles(sourceDir, "*.jpg");
    string[] txtList = Directory.GetFiles(sourceDir, "*.txt");

    // Copy picture files. 
    foreach (string f in picList)
    {
        // Remove path from the file name. 
        string fName = f.Substring(sourceDir.Length + 1);

        // Use the Path.Combine method to safely append the file name to the path. 
        // Will overwrite if the destination file already exists.
        File.Copy(Path.Combine(sourceDir, fName), Path.Combine(backupDir, fName), true);
    }

    // Copy text files. 
    foreach (string f in txtList)
    {

        // Remove path from the file name. 
        string fName = f.Substring(sourceDir.Length + 1);

        try
        {
            // Will not overwrite if the destination file already exists.
            File.Copy(Path.Combine(sourceDir, fName), Path.Combine(backupDir, fName));
        }

        // Catch exception if the file was already copied. 
        catch (IOException copyError)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(copyError.Message);
        }
    }

    // Delete source files that were copied. 
    foreach (string f in txtList)
    {
        File.Delete(f);
    }
    foreach (string f in picList)
    {
        File.Delete(f);
    }
}

catch (DirectoryNotFoundException dirNotFound)
{
    Console.WriteLine(dirNotFound.Message);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft