CultureTypes Enumeration

Defines the types of culture lists that can be retrieved using CultureInfo.GetCultures.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
[FlagsAttribute]
public enum CultureTypes

Member nameDescription
Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkSupported by the XNA FrameworkNeutralCulturesCultures that are associated with a language but are not specific to a country/region. The names of .NET Framework cultures consist of the lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1. For example: "en" (English) is a neutral culture.

Custom cultures can have any user-specified name, not just a two-letter code.

The invariant culture is included in the array of cultures returned by the CultureInfo.GetCultures method that specifies this value.

Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkSupported by the XNA FrameworkSpecificCulturesCultures that are specific to a country/region. The names of these cultures follow RFC 4646 (Windows Vista and later). The format is "<languagecode2>-<country/regioncode2>", where <languagecode2> is a lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1 and <country/regioncode2> is an uppercase two-letter code derived from ISO 3166. For example, "en-US" for English (United States) is a specific culture.

Custom cultures can have any user-specified name, not just a standard-compliant name.

Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkSupported by the XNA FrameworkInstalledWin32CulturesAll cultures that are installed in the Windows operating system. Note that not all cultures supported by the .NET Framework are installed in the operating system.
Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkSupported by the XNA FrameworkAllCulturesAll cultures that ship with the .NET Framework, including neutral and specific cultures, cultures installed in the Windows operating system, and custom cultures created by the user.
UserCustomCultureCustom cultures created by the user.
ReplacementCulturesCustom cultures created by the user that replace cultures shipped with the .NET Framework.
WindowsOnlyCulturesCultures installed in the Windows operating system but not the .NET Framework.

The WindowsOnlyCultures value is mutually exclusive with the FrameworkCultures value.

FrameworkCulturesNeutral and specific cultures shipped with the .NET Framework.

These culture type values are returned by the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property, and also serve as a filter that limits the cultures returned by the CultureInfo.GetCultures method. For more information on cultures, see CultureInfo.

Generally, your application should enumerate all cultures, using the AllCultures value. This allows enumeration of custom cultures, as well as the other culture types.

The following code example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration and the CultureTypes property.

// This example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration  
// and the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property. 

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
// Create a table of most culture types. 
    CultureTypes[] mostCultureTypes = new CultureTypes[] {
                        CultureTypes.NeutralCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.SpecificCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.InstalledWin32Cultures, 
                        CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture, 
                        CultureTypes.ReplacementCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.FrameworkCultures,
                        CultureTypes.WindowsOnlyCultures
                        };
    CultureInfo[] allCultures;
    CultureTypes combo;

// Get and enumerate all cultures.
    allCultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.AllCultures);
    foreach (CultureInfo ci in allCultures)
        {
// Display the name of each culture.
        Console.WriteLine("Culture: {0}", ci.Name);

// Get the culture types of each culture. 
        combo = ci.CultureTypes;

// Display the name of each culture type flag that is set.
        Console.Write("  ");
        foreach (CultureTypes ct in mostCultureTypes)
            if (0 != (ct & combo))
                Console.Write("{0} ", ct);
        Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}

/*
The following is a portion of the results produced by this code example.
.
.
.
Culture: syr
  NeutralCultures FrameworkCultures
Culture: dv
  NeutralCultures FrameworkCultures
Culture:
  SpecificCultures FrameworkCultures
Culture: ar-SA
  SpecificCultures FrameworkCultures
Culture: bg-BG
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures
Culture: ca-ES
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures
Culture: zh-TW
  SpecificCultures FrameworkCultures
.
.
.
*/

The following code example displays several properties of the neutral cultures.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine( "CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME" );
      foreach ( CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures( CultureTypes.NeutralCultures ) )  {
         Console.Write( "{0,-7}", ci.Name );
         Console.Write( " {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName );
         Console.Write( " {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName );
         Console.Write( " {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName );
         Console.Write( " {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName );
         Console.WriteLine( " {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName );
      }

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 

*/

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
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