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Compensator Class

Represents the base class for all Compensating Resource Manager (CRM) Compensators.

Namespace:  System.EnterpriseServices.CompensatingResourceManager
Assembly:  System.EnterpriseServices (in System.EnterpriseServices.dll)
public class Compensator : ServicedComponent

The user should extend from this object in order to write a custom transaction Compensator.

A Compensator must always have a public constructor; otherwise, the recovery engine cannot create it.

For more information, see How to: Create a Compensating Resource Manager (CRM).

The following code example demonstrates the use of this class.

// A CRM Compensator 
public class AccountCompensator : Compensator
{

    private bool receivedPrepareRecord = false;

    public override void BeginPrepare ()
    {
        // nothing to do
    }

    public override bool PrepareRecord (LogRecord log)
    {

        // Check the validity of the record. 
        if (log == null) return(true);
        Object[] record = log.Record as Object[];
        if (record == null) return(true);
        if (record.Length != 2) return(true);

        // The record is valid.
        receivedPrepareRecord = true;
        return(false);              
    }

    public override bool EndPrepare ()
    {
        // Allow the transaction to proceed onlyif we have received a prepare record. 
        if (receivedPrepareRecord)
        {
            return(true);
        }
        else
        {
            return(false);
        }
    }

    public override void BeginCommit (bool commit)
    {
        // nothing to do
    }

    public override bool CommitRecord (LogRecord log)
    {
        // nothing to do 
        return(false);
    }

    public override void EndCommit ()
    {
        // nothing to do
    }

    public override void BeginAbort (bool abort)
    {
        // nothing to do
    }

    public override bool AbortRecord (LogRecord log)
    {

        // Check the validity of the record. 
        if (log == null) return(true);
        Object[] record = log.Record as Object[];
        if (record == null) return(true);
        if (record.Length != 2) return(true);

        // Extract old account data from the record.
        string filename = (string) record[0];
        int balance = (int) record[1];

        // Restore the old state of the account.
        AccountManager.WriteAccountBalance(filename, balance);

        return(false);
    }

    public override void EndAbort ()
    {
        // nothing to do
    }    

}

This compensator is used by the following worker class.

// A CRM Worker
[Transaction]
public class Account : ServicedComponent
{

    // A data member for the account file name. 
    private string filename;

    public string Filename
    {
        get
        {
            return(filename);
        }
        set
        {
            filename = value;
        }
    }


    // A boolean data member that determines whether to commit or abort the transaction. 
    private bool commit;

    public bool AllowCommit
    {
        get
        {
            return(commit);
        }
        set
        {
            commit = value;
        }
    }



    // Debit the account,  
    public void DebitAccount (int ammount)
    {

        // Create a new clerk using the AccountCompensator class.
        Clerk clerk = new Clerk(typeof(AccountCompensator),
          "An account transaction compensator", CompensatorOptions.AllPhases);

        // Create a record of previous account status, and deliver it to the clerk. 
        int balance = AccountManager.ReadAccountBalance(filename);

	Object[] record = new Object[2];
	record[0] = filename;
        record[1] = balance;

        clerk.WriteLogRecord(record);
        clerk.ForceLog();

        // Perform the transaction
        balance -= ammount;
        AccountManager.WriteAccountBalance(filename, balance);

        // Commit or abort the transaction  
        if (commit)
        {
            ContextUtil.SetComplete();
        }
        else
        {
            ContextUtil.SetAbort();
        }

    }

}

The following code example demonstrates a client that exercises this compensator and worker.

using System;

public class CrmClient
{

    public static void Main ()
    {

        // Create a new account object. The object is created in a COM+ server application.
        Account account = new Account();

        // Transactionally debit the account. 
        try
        {
            account.Filename = System.IO.Path.GetFullPath("JohnDoe");
            account.AllowCommit = true;
            account.DebitAccount(3);
        }
        finally
        {
            account.Dispose();
        }

    }

}
System.Object
  System.MarshalByRefObject
    System.ContextBoundObject
      System.EnterpriseServices.ServicedComponent
        System.EnterpriseServices.CompensatingResourceManager.Compensator
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0
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