DBNull.Value Field

Represents the sole instance of the DBNull class.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared ReadOnly Value As DBNull

DBNull is a singleton class, which means only this instance of this class can exist.

If a database field has missing data, you can use the DBNull.Value property to explicitly assign a DBNull object value to the field. However, most data providers do this automatically.

To evaluate database fields to determine whether their values are DBNull, you can pass the field value to the DBNull.Value.Equals method. However, this method is rarely used because there are a number of other ways to evaluate a database field for missing data. These include the Visual Basic IsDBNull function, the Convert.IsDBNull method, the DataTableReader.IsDBNull method, the IDataRecord.IsDBNull method, and several other methods.

The following example calls the DBNull.Value.Equals method to determine whether a database field in a contacts database has a valid value. If it does, the field value is appended to the string output in a label.

Private Sub OUtputLabels(dt As DataTable)
   Dim label As String  

   ' Iterate rows of table 
   For Each row As DataRow In dt.Rows
      Dim labelLen As Integer
      label = String.Empty
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "Title")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "FirstName")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "MiddleInitial")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "LastName")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "Suffix")
      label += vbCrLf
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "Address1")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "AptNo")
      label += vbCrLf
      labelLen = Len(label)
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "Address2")
      If Len(label) <> labelLen Then label += vbCrLf
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "City")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "State")
      label += AddFieldValue(label, row, "Zip")
      Console.WriteLine(label)
      Console.WriteLine()
   Next 
End Sub 

Private Function AddFieldValue(label As String, row As DataRow, _
                          fieldName As String) As String 
   If Not DbNull.Value.Equals(row.Item(fieldName)) Then 
      Return CStr(row.Item(fieldName)) & " " 
   Else 
      Return Nothing 
   End If 
End Function

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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