BackgroundWorker::DoWork Event

Occurs when RunWorkerAsync is called.

Namespace:  System.ComponentModel
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public:
 event DoWorkEventHandler^ DoWork {
	void add (DoWorkEventHandler^ value);
	void remove (DoWorkEventHandler^ value);
}

This event is raised when you call the RunWorkerAsync method. This is where you start the operation that performs the potentially time-consuming work.

Your code in the DoWork event handler should periodically check the CancellationPending property value and abort the operation if it is true. When this occurs, you can set the Cancel flag of System.ComponentModel::DoWorkEventArgs to true, and the Cancelled flag of System.ComponentModel::RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs in your RunWorkerCompleted event handler will be set to true.

Caution noteCaution

Be aware that your code in the DoWork event handler may finish its work as a cancellation request is being made, and your polling loop may miss CancellationPending being set to true. In this case, the Cancelled flag of System.ComponentModel::RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs in your RunWorkerCompleted event handler will not be set to true, even though a cancellation request was made. This situation is called a race condition and is a common concern in multithreaded programming. For more information about multithreading design issues, see Managed Threading Best Practices.

If your operation produces a result, you can assign the result to the DoWorkEventArgs::Result property. This will be available to the RunWorkerCompleted event handler in the RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs::Result property.

If the operation raises an exception that your code does not handle, the BackgroundWorker catches the exception and passes it into the RunWorkerCompleted event handler, where it is exposed as the Error property of System.ComponentModel::RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs. If you are running under the Visual Studio debugger, the debugger will break at the point in the DoWork event handler where the unhandled exception was raised. If you have more than one BackgroundWorker, you should not reference any of them directly, as this would couple your DoWork event handler to a specific instance of BackgroundWorker. Instead, you should access your BackgroundWorker by casting the sender parameter in your DoWork event handler.

You must be careful not to manipulate any user-interface objects in your DoWork event handler. Instead, communicate to the user interface through the BackgroundWorker events.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following code example demonstrates the use of the DoWork event to start an asynchronous operation. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the BackgroundWorker class.

// This event handler is where the actual, 
// potentially time-consuming work is done. 
void backgroundWorker1_DoWork( Object^ sender, DoWorkEventArgs^ e )
{
   // Get the BackgroundWorker that raised this event.
   BackgroundWorker^ worker = dynamic_cast<BackgroundWorker^>(sender);

   // Assign the result of the computation 
   // to the Result property of the DoWorkEventArgs 
   // object. This is will be available to the  
   // RunWorkerCompleted eventhandler.
   e->Result = ComputeFibonacci( safe_cast<Int32>(e->Argument), worker, e );
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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