Array.Clone Method

Creates a shallow copy of the Array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public Object Clone()

Return Value

Type: System.Object
A shallow copy of the Array.

Implements

ICloneable.Clone()

A shallow copy of an Array copies only the elements of the Array, whether they are reference types or value types, but it does not copy the objects that the references refer to. The references in the new Array point to the same objects that the references in the original Array point to.

In contrast, a deep copy of an Array copies the elements and everything directly or indirectly referenced by the elements.

The clone is of the same Type as the original Array.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Length.

The following code example clones a System.Globalization.CultureInfo array and demonstrates the behavior of a shallow copy.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
public class SamplesArray  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initialize a new CultureInfo array.
      CultureInfo ci0 = new CultureInfo( "ar-SA", false );
      CultureInfo ci1 = new CultureInfo( "en-US", false );
      CultureInfo ci2 = new CultureInfo( "fr-FR", false );
      CultureInfo ci3 = new CultureInfo( "ja-JP", false );
      CultureInfo[] arrCI = new CultureInfo[] { ci0, ci1, ci2, ci3 };

      // Create a clone of the CultureInfo array.
      CultureInfo[] arrCIClone = (CultureInfo[]) arrCI.Clone();

      // Replace an element in the clone array.
      CultureInfo ci4 = new CultureInfo( "th-TH", false );
      arrCIClone[0] = ci4;

      // Display the contents of the original array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( arrCI );

      // Display the contents of the clone array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The clone array contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( arrCIClone );

      // Display the DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for the fourth element in both arrays.
      Console.WriteLine( "Before changes to the clone:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Original: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for {0} is {1}.", arrCI[3].Name, arrCI[3].DateTimeFormat.DateSeparator );
      Console.WriteLine( "      Clone: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for {0} is {1}.", arrCIClone[3].Name, arrCIClone[3].DateTimeFormat.DateSeparator );

      // Replace the DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for the fourth element in the clone array.
      arrCIClone[3].DateTimeFormat.DateSeparator = "-";

      // Display the DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for the fourth element in both arrays.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changes to the clone:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Original: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for {0} is {1}.", arrCI[3].Name, arrCI[3].DateTimeFormat.DateSeparator );
      Console.WriteLine( "      Clone: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for {0} is {1}.", arrCIClone[3].Name, arrCIClone[3].DateTimeFormat.DateSeparator );

   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( Array myArray )  {
      for ( int i = myArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= myArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, myArray.GetValue( i ) );
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The original array contains the following values:
        [0]:    ar-SA
        [1]:    en-US
        [2]:    fr-FR
        [3]:    ja-JP
The clone array contains the following values:
        [0]:    th-TH
        [1]:    en-US
        [2]:    fr-FR
        [3]:    ja-JP
Before changes to the clone:
   Original: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for ja-JP is /.
      Clone: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for ja-JP is /.
After changes to the clone:
   Original: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for ja-JP is -.
      Clone: The DateTimeFormatInfo.DateSeparator for ja-JP is -.

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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