How to: Animate 3-D Translations

This topic demonstrates how to animate a translation transformation set on a 3-D model.

The code below shows the application of a TranslateTransform3D object to the Transform property of a GeometryModel3D.

<!-- The Transform specifies how to transform the 3D object. The OffsetX property is animated
     in the Storyboard below. -->
<GeometryModel3D.Transform>
  <TranslateTransform3D x:Name="myTranslateTransform3D" OffsetX="0" OffsetY="0" OffsetZ="0" />
</GeometryModel3D.Transform>

The OffsetX property of this TranslateTransform3D object is animated using the code below.

<!-- Trigger the TranslateTransform3D animation when the 3D object loads. -->
<Viewport3D.Triggers>
  <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Viewport3D.Loaded">
    <BeginStoryboard>
      <Storyboard>

        <!-- This animation animates the OffsetX property of the TranslateTransform3D. -->
        <DoubleAnimation
         Storyboard.TargetName="myTranslateTransform3D" 
         Storyboard.TargetProperty="OffsetX" 
         To="-0.8" 
         AutoReverse="True" RepeatBehavior="Forever" />

        <!-- If you want to animate OffsetY and/or OffsetZ, create similar DoubleAnimations
             respectively. -->

      </Storyboard>
    </BeginStoryboard>
  </EventTrigger>
</Viewport3D.Triggers>

The following code shows the entire sample.

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" >
  <DockPanel>
    <Viewbox>
      <Canvas Width="600" Height="201">

        <!-- The Viewport3D provides a rendering surface for 3-D visual content. -->
        <Viewport3D Name="MyAnimatedObject"
          ClipToBounds="True" Width="600" Height="150"
          Canvas.Left="0" Canvas.Top="10">

          <!-- Defines the camera used to view the 3D object. -->
          <Viewport3D.Camera>
            <PerspectiveCamera x:Name="myPerspectiveCamera" Position="0,0,2" LookDirection="0,0,-1" 
             FieldOfView="60" />
          </Viewport3D.Camera>

          <!-- The ModelVisual3D children contain the 3D models -->
          <Viewport3D.Children>

            <!-- This ModelVisual3D defines the light cast in the scene. Without light, the
                 3D object cannot be seen. -->
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <DirectionalLight Color="#FFFFFF" Direction="-0.612372,-0.5,-0.612372" />
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <GeometryModel3D>

                  <!-- The geometry specifes the shape of the 3D plane. In this case, a flat sheet is created. -->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Geometry>
                    <MeshGeometry3D
                     TriangleIndices="0,1,2 3,4,5 "
                     Normals="0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 "
                     TextureCoordinates="0,0 1,0 1,1 1,1 0,1 0,0 "
                     Positions="-0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,-0.5,0.5 " />
                  </GeometryModel3D.Geometry>

                  <!-- The material specifies the material applied to the plane. In this case it is a linear gradient.-->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Material>
                    <MaterialGroup>
                      <DiffuseMaterial>
                        <DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                          <SolidColorBrush Color="Cyan" Opacity="0.3"/>
                        </DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                      </DiffuseMaterial>
                    </MaterialGroup>
                  </GeometryModel3D.Material>
                  <!-- The Transform specifies how to transform the 3D object. The OffsetX property is animated
                       in the Storyboard below. -->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Transform>
                    <TranslateTransform3D x:Name="myTranslateTransform3D" OffsetX="0" OffsetY="0" OffsetZ="0" />
                  </GeometryModel3D.Transform>
                </GeometryModel3D>
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
          </Viewport3D.Children>
          <!-- Trigger the TranslateTransform3D animation when the 3D object loads. -->
          <Viewport3D.Triggers>
            <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Viewport3D.Loaded">
              <BeginStoryboard>
                <Storyboard>

                  <!-- This animation animates the OffsetX property of the TranslateTransform3D. -->
                  <DoubleAnimation
                   Storyboard.TargetName="myTranslateTransform3D" 
                   Storyboard.TargetProperty="OffsetX" 
                   To="-0.8" 
                   AutoReverse="True" RepeatBehavior="Forever" />

                  <!-- If you want to animate OffsetY and/or OffsetZ, create similar DoubleAnimations
                       respectively. -->

                </Storyboard>
              </BeginStoryboard>
            </EventTrigger>
          </Viewport3D.Triggers>
        </Viewport3D>
      </Canvas>
    </Viewbox>
  </DockPanel>
</Page>
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft