2 out of 3 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

ScrollBar ControlTemplate Example

Controls in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) have a ControlTemplate that contains the visual tree of that control. You can change the structure and appearance of a control by modifying the ControlTemplate of that control. There is no way to replace only part of the visual tree of a control; to change the visual tree of a control you must set the Template property of the control to its new and complete ControlTemplate.

This topic shows the ControlTemplate of the WPF ScrollBar control.

This topic contains the following sections.

To run the examples in this topic, you should understand how to write WPF applications. For more information, see Getting Started with Windows Presentation Foundation. You should also understand how styles are used in WPF. For more information, see Styling and Templating.

Although this example contains all of the elements that are defined in the ControlTemplate of a ScrollBar by default, the specific values should be thought of as examples.

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarLineButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Border 
          Name="Border"
          Margin="1" 
          CornerRadius="2" 
          Background="{StaticResource NormalBrush}"
          BorderBrush="{StaticResource NormalBorderBrush}"
          BorderThickness="1">
          <Path 
            HorizontalAlignment="Center"
            VerticalAlignment="Center"
            Fill="{StaticResource GlyphBrush}"
            Data="{Binding Path=Content,RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsPressed" Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="Border" Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource PressedBrush}" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundBrush}"/>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarPageButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
  <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Border Background="Transparent" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="ScrollBarThumb" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
  <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Border 
          CornerRadius="2" 
          Background="{TemplateBinding Background}"
          BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}"
          BorderThickness="1" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="VerticalScrollBar" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Grid >
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
      <RowDefinition MaxHeight="18"/>
      <RowDefinition Height="0.00001*"/>
      <RowDefinition MaxHeight="18"/>
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <Border
      Grid.RowSpan="3"
      CornerRadius="2" 
      Background="#F0F0F0" />
    <RepeatButton 
      Grid.Row="0"                           
      Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
      Height="18"
      Command="ScrollBar.LineUpCommand"
      Content="M 0 4 L 8 4 L 4 0 Z" />
    <Track 
      Name="PART_Track"
      Grid.Row="1"
      IsDirectionReversed="true">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
          Command="ScrollBar.PageUpCommand" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}" 
          Margin="1,0,1,0"  
          Background="{StaticResource HorizontalNormalBrush}"
          BorderBrush="{StaticResource HorizontalNormalBorderBrush}" />
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
          Command="ScrollBar.PageDownCommand" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <RepeatButton 
      Grid.Row="3" 
      Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
      Height="18"
      Command="ScrollBar.LineDownCommand"
      Content="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z"/>
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="HorizontalScrollBar" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Grid >
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition MaxWidth="18"/>
      <ColumnDefinition Width="0.00001*"/>
      <ColumnDefinition MaxWidth="18"/>
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <Border
      Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
      CornerRadius="2" 
      Background="#F0F0F0" />
    <RepeatButton 
      Grid.Column="0"                           
      Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
      Width="18"
      Command="ScrollBar.LineLeftCommand"
      Content="M 4 0 L 4 8 L 0 4 Z" />
    <Track 
      Name="PART_Track"
      Grid.Column="1"
      IsDirectionReversed="False">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
          Command="ScrollBar.PageLeftCommand" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}" 
          Margin="0,1,0,1"  
          Background="{StaticResource NormalBrush}"
          BorderBrush="{StaticResource NormalBorderBrush}" />
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton 
          Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarPageButton}"
          Command="ScrollBar.PageRightCommand" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <RepeatButton 
      Grid.Column="3" 
      Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarLineButton}"
      Width="18"
      Command="ScrollBar.LineRightCommand"
      Content="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 0 8 Z"/>
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ScrollBar}" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation" Value="Horizontal">
      <Setter Property="Width" Value="Auto"/>
      <Setter Property="Height" Value="18" />
      <Setter Property="Template" Value="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBar}" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation" Value="Vertical">
      <Setter Property="Width" Value="18"/>
      <Setter Property="Height" Value="Auto" />
      <Setter Property="Template" Value="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBar}" />
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!-- Fill Brushes -->

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="NormalBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalNormalBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="LightBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalLightBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="DarkBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#AAA" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="PressedBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#BBB" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="0.1"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#EEE" Offset="0.9"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#FFF" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledForegroundBrush" Color="#888" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBackgroundBrush" Color="#EEE" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowBackgroundBrush" Color="#FFF" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="SelectedBackgroundBrush" Color="#DDD" />

<!-- Border Brushes -->

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="NormalBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="HorizontalNormalBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,0">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#CCC" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="DefaultedBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#777" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#000" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="PressedBorderBrush" StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="0,1">
  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#444" Offset="0.0"/>
      <GradientStop Color="#888" Offset="1.0"/>
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBorderBrush" Color="#AAA" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="SolidBorderBrush" Color="#888" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="LightBorderBrush" Color="#AAA" />

<!-- Miscellaneous Brushes -->
<SolidColorBrush x:Key="GlyphBrush" Color="#444" />

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="LightColorBrush" Color="#DDD" />

For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.