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Team Foundation Server Default Groups, Permissions, and Roles

When you create a project in Visual Studio Team Foundation Server, project-level groups are created for that project, and they are assigned permissions to access resources that are appropriate to that group. To customize projects to better suit your business needs, you must understand what permissions are assigned to which users and groups, in addition to what permissions you might want to add to any users or groups that you might add at the servel level, the collection level, and the project level. Additionally, if you want to closely align users with the roles that are described for MSF for Agile Software Development or MSF for CMMI Process Improvement, you must understand how to align those roles with the default groups that are already assigned to the project. As an alternative, you can create groups that associate directly with each of those roles, and you can assign those groups the permissions that are appropriate to the role.

Whenever you create a project in Team Foundation Server, groups are created at the project level. By default, each of those groups has certain permissions assigned to them. You can add permissions to these default groups, in addition to any groups or users whom you want to add at the server, collection, or project level.

Server-Level Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the server level when you install Team Foundation Server:

  • Server\Team Foundation Administrators   Members of this group can perform all operations for Team Foundation Server. This group should be restricted to the smallest possible number of users who need total administrative control over Team Foundation Server. By default, this group contains the Local Administrators group (BUILTIN\Administrators) for any server that hosts the application services for Team Foundation. This group also contains the members of the Server\Service Accounts group.

  • Server\Team Foundation Valid Users   Members of this group have access to Team Foundation Server. This group automatically contains all users and groups that have been added anywhere within Team Foundation Server. You cannot modify the membership of this group.

    Important noteImportant

    If you unset or set the View instance-level information permission to Deny for this group, no users will be able to access the deployment.

  • Server\Service Accounts   Members of this group have service-level permissions for Team Foundation Server. By default, this group contains the service account that was supplied during installation. This group should contain only service accounts and not user accounts or groups that contain user accounts. By default, this group is a member of Team Foundation Administrators.

  • Server\Work Item Only View Users   Members of this group are restricted from using the full range of features that are provided when users view projects and collections in Team Web Access. Membership in this group is appropriate for those users who do not have a client access license for your deployment of Team Foundation Server.

  • Server\SharePoint Web Application Services    Members of this group have service-level permissions for the SharePoint Web applications that are configured for use with Team Foundation Server, in addition to some service-level permissions for Team Foundation Server. This group should contain only service accounts and not user accounts or groups that contain user accounts. Unlike the Service Accounts group, this group is not a member of Team Foundation Administrators.

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. Unless otherwise stated, the permission is set to Allow. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Administer warehouse

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups who might or must change warehouse settings through the WarehouseController.asmx Web service ChangeSetting Web method.

Create team project collection

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Delete team project collection

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Edit instance-level information

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Make requests on behalf of others

Team Foundation Service Accounts

SharePoint Web Application Services

This permission should be assigned only to service accounts and groups that contain only service accounts.

Trigger Events

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Use full Web Access features

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Valid Users

Work Item Only View Users (DENY)

Users and groups who must utilize the full range of features that are available in Team Web Access. If you want to restrict users to a read-only view in Team Web Access, set this permission to Deny, or add the users to the Work Item Only View Users group at the server level.

View instance-level information

Team Foundation Administrators

Team Foundation Service Accounts

SharePoint Web Application Services

Team Foundation Valid Users

All users or groups who interact with Team Foundation Server.

Collection-Level Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the collection level when you install Team Foundation Server:

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators   Members of this group can perform all operations for the team project collection. This group should be restricted to the smallest possible number of users who need total administrative control over the collection. By default, this group contains the Local Administrators group (BUILTIN\Administrators) for the server where the application-tier services for Team Foundation have been installed. This group also contains the members of the TeamProjectCollectionName\Service Accounts group.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Valid Users   Members of this group have access to the team project collection in Team Foundation Server. This group automatically contains all users and groups that have been added anywhere within the team project collection. You cannot modify the membership of this group.

    Important noteImportant

    Do not unset or set the View collection-level information permission to Deny for this group.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Service Accounts   Members of this group have service-level permissions for the collection and for Team Foundation Server. By default, this group contains the service account that was supplied during installation. This group should contain only service accounts and groups that contain only service accounts. By default, this group is a member of Team Foundation Administrators and Team Foundation Service Accounts.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service Accounts    Members of this group have build service permissions for the collection. This group should contain only service accounts and groups that contain only service accounts.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\ Collection Proxy Service Accounts   Members of this group have proxy service permissions for the collection. This group should contain only service accounts and groups that contain only service accounts.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Test Service Accounts   Members of this group have test service permissions for the collection. This group should contain only service accounts and groups that contain only service accounts.

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Administer shelved changes

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups who might or must delete shelvesets created by other users.

Administer workspaces

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups who might or must create workspaces for other users and delete workspaces created by other users.

Alter trace settings

Project Collection Administrators

Other server administrators who might or must change the trace settings for gathering more detailed diagnostic information about Web services for Team Foundation Server.

Create a workspace

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

Project Collection Valid Users

None. All users have this permission as part of being members of the Project Collection Valid Users group.

Create new projects

Project Collection Administrators

Project administrators who will regularly create projects.

Delete team project

Project Collection Administrators

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Delete team project collection

Project Collection Administrators

Users or groups who are responsible for managing the overall health and resource availability for the deployment.

Edit collection-level information

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

None.

Make requests on behalf of others

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

SharePoint Web Application Services

None.

Manage build resources

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Build Administrators

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Project Administrators

Builders

Manually added users or groups who might or must administer and schedule builds on the build resources in the collection.

Manage process template

Project Collection Administrators

Project administrators and any manually added users or groups, such as process specialists, who might or must create, edit, download, and upload process templates to Team Foundation Server.

Manage test controllers

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Test Service Accounts

None.

Manage work item link types

Project Collection Administrators

None.

Trigger Events

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Service Accounts

None. Adding this permission to other users has the potential to allow denial-of-service attacks.

Use build resources

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups who might or must queue new builds or browse completed builds in the collection.

View build resources

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Build Administrators

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Project Collection Valid Users

None.

View collection-level information

Project Collection Administrators

Project Collection Build Administrators

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Project Collection Service Accounts

Project Collection Test Service Accounts

Project Collection Valid Users

SharePoint Web Application Services

Collection Proxy Service Accounts

None.

View system synchronization information

Project Collection Administrators

None.

Project-Level Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the project level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators   Members of this group can administer all aspects of the team project, although they cannot create projects.

  • ProjectName\Contributors   Members of this group can contribute to the project in multiple ways, such as adding, modifying, and deleting code and creating and modifying work items.

  • ProjectName\Readers   Members of this group can view the project but not modify it.

  • ProjectName\Builders   Members of this group have build permissions for the project. Members can manage test environments, create test runs, and manage builds.

Besides these project-level groups, two collection-level groups also appear in every project in Team Foundation Server:

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

    NoteNote

    You cannot change the permissions for this collection-level group.

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service Accounts

    Important noteImportant

    Do not remove or set the View project-level information permission to Deny for this group.

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

NoteNote

You can add project-level groups to server-level groups by using the TFSSecurity command-line tool.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Create test runs

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Test Service Accounts

None.

Delete team project

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

None.

Delete test runs

Project Administrators, Team Foundation Administrators

Manually added users or groups that might or must terminate test runs that are in progress or delete old test runs.

Edit project-level information

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

None.

Manage test configurations

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Test Service Accounts

None.

Manage test environments

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Test Service Accounts

None.

View project-level information

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

All manually added users or groups that require access to this project.

View test runs

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

All manually added users or groups that require access to this project.

Area-Level Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the area level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators

  • ProjectName\Contributors

  • ProjectName\Readers

  • ProjectName\Builders

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service Accounts

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Create and order child nodes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

None.

Delete this node

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Any manually added users or groups that might or must delete area nodes.

Edit this node

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Any manually added users or groups that might or must rename area nodes.

Edit work items in this node

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might or must edit work items in this area node.

View this node

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Test Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might require access to work items in this area node.

View work items in this node

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Test Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might or must view, but not edit or change, work items in this area node.

Iteration-Level Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the iteration level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Create and order child nodes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

None.

Delete this node

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Any manually added users or groups that might or must delete iteration nodes.

Edit this node

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Any manually added users or groups that might or must rename iteration nodes.

View this node

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Any manually added users or groups that might or must view iteration nodes.

Version Control Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the version-control level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators

  • ProjectName\Contributors

  • ProjectName\Readers

  • ProjectName\Builders

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Service Accounts

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service Accounts

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

Read

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Most manually added users or groups; any that might or must read the contents of a file or folder.

Check Out

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups who might or must check out or make a pending change to items in a folder.

Check In

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might or must check in items or revise any committed changeset comments.

Label

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might or must label items.

Lock

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Any manually added users or groups that might or must lock or unlock folders or files.

Revise other user's changes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that are responsible for supervising or monitoring the project that might or must change the comments on checked-in files, even if another user checked in the file.

Unlock other user's changes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that might or must unlock files locked by other users.

Undo other user's changes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that might or must undo a pending change made by another user.

Administer labels

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that might or must edit or delete labels created by another user.

Manage permissions

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts

None.

Check In Other User's Changes

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

None.

Merge

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that might or must merge source files.

Manage branch

Project Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Collection Service Accounts, Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Manually added users or groups that might or must create private branches.

Build-Level Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the build level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators

  • ProjectName\Contributors

  • ProjectName\Readers

  • ProjectName\Builders

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service Accounts

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

View builds

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Most manually added users or groups; any that might or must view builds.

Edit build quality

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Retain indefinitely

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Delete builds

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Manage build qualities

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Destroy builds

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Update build information

Project Collection Build Service Accounts

Queue build

Project Administrators, Contributors, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Manage build queue

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Stop builds

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

View build definition

Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Most manually added users or groups; any that might or must view build definitions.

Edit build definition

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Delete build definition

Project Administrators, Builders, Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Override check-in validation by build

Project Collection Build Service Accounts, Project Collection Administrators

Lab Management Groups and Permissions

By default, the following groups exist at the lab management level:

  • ProjectName\Project Administrators

  • ProjectName\Contributors

  • ProjectName\Readers

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Administrators

  • TeamProjectCollectionName\Project Collection Build Service accounts

  • Server\Team Foundation Administrators

By default, these groups have the permissions in the following table. In addition, the creator of an object in Lab Management is automatically granted all permissions on that object. For a full description of each permission, see Team Foundation Server Permissions.

Permission Name

By default, set for:

Consider adding to:

View Lab Resources

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Readers, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Manage Lab Locations

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators (limited to only project-level locations, that is, project host group and project library share)

Delete Lab Locations

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Project Administrators (limited to project-level locations such as project host groups and project library shares)

Write Environment and Virtual Machine

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Edit Environment and Virtual Machine

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Delete Environment and Virtual Machine

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators,

Project Administrators

Import Virtual Machine

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors

Environment Operations

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Manage Permissions

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators

Manage Child Permissions

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators (limited to only project level locations, that is, project host group and project library share)

Start

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Stop

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Pause

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

Manage snapshots

Team Foundation Administrators, Project Collection Administrators, Project Administrators, Contributors, Project Collection Build Service accounts

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