XPathNavigator.PrependChild Method (XmlReader)

Creates a new child node at the beginning of the list of child nodes of the current node using the XML contents of the XmlReader object specified.

Namespace:  System.Xml.XPath
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public virtual void PrependChild(
	XmlReader newChild
)

Parameters

newChild
Type: System.Xml.XmlReader

An XmlReader object positioned on the XML data for the new child node.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The XmlReader object is in an error state or closed.

ArgumentNullException

The XmlReader object parameter is null.

InvalidOperationException

The current node the XPathNavigator is positioned on does not allow a new child node to be prepended.

NotSupportedException

The XPathNavigator does not support editing.

XmlException

The XML contents of the XmlReader object parameter is not well-formed.

Prepending a child node adds the new node to the beginning of the list of child nodes for the current node. For example, when three child nodes exist for an element, the prepended node becomes the first child node. If no child nodes exist, then a new child node is created.

The following are important notes to consider when using the PrependChild method.

In the following example, a new pages child element is prepended to the beginning of the list of child elements of the first book element in the contosoBooks.xml file using the XmlReader object specified. The http://www.contoso.com/books namespace is specified so that the new child element is prepended using the same namespace as the XML document.

XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();
document.Load("contosoBooks.xml");
XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();

navigator.MoveToChild("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
navigator.MoveToChild("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

XmlReader pages = XmlReader.Create(new StringReader("<pages xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\">100</pages>"));

navigator.PrependChild(pages);

Console.WriteLine(navigator.OuterXml);

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as an input.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>8.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>11.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">
        <title>The Gorgias</title>
        <author>
            <name>Plato</name>
        </author>
        <price>9.99</price>
    </book>
</bookstore>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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